roka

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See also: róka, rokā, rōka, röka, and rǫkă

Fijian[edit]

Noun[edit]

roka

  1. color

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

roka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ろか

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 roka on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *rankā (perhaps Proto-Balto-Slavic *rankāˀ), from Proto-Indo-European *wrenk-, *wronk-, derived from the zero grade *wr- of the stem *wer- (to turn, to bend). The original meaning was therefore “bent, bending (organ, limb).” In Baltic, the initial *w was lost, while in some other languages it became *b; cf. Latin branca (paw, foot). Cognates include Lithuanian rankà, Old Prussian rancko, Proto-Slavic *rǫka (Old Church Slavonic рѫка (rǫka), Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian рука́ (ruká), Bulgarian ръка́ (rǎká), Upper Sorbian, Czech ruka, Polish ręka).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

roka f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) hand, arm (each of the upper limbs of the human body, from shoulder to palm)
    kreisā, labā rokaleft, right hand, arm
    spēcīgas, muskuļainas rokasstrong, muscular arms
    veiklas rokasagile, skillful hands
    aiz, pie rokas(taking someone) by the hand
    uz rokām(holding, lifting something) in the arms
    zem rokas(holding something) under (one's) arm
    roku rokāhand in hand
    māt, mest ar rokuto wave one's hand(s)
    sniegt, dot rokuto give, to offer (one's) hand (for a handshake)
    piedāvāt rokuto offer (one's) hand, arm (for support)
    spiest, paspiest, saspiest rokuto shake hand(s)
    rokas spiedienshandshake
    vilkt cimdus rokāto put gloves on one's hand(s)
    paņemt rokā grāmatuto take the book in one's hand(s)
    maciņš izkrīt no rokasthe little wallet fell out of (his) hand(s)
    māte mēdz iespiest rokas sānosmother used to press her arms against her side
    lai gan nav auksti, tomēr Juris mauc rokā pirkstainus cimdusthough it is not cold, Juris puts on his hand(s) the fingered gloves (i.e., not mittens, but gloves with actual places for each of the five fingers)
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) hand ..., manual (to be used with one's hands, arms; to be done, carried out with one's hands, arms)
    rokas bremzehand brake
    rokas svarihand-held weights
    rokas sūknishand pump
    rokas zāģis, rokzāģishand saw
    rokas granātahand grenade
    rokas bagažahand luggage
    rokas pulksteniswrist (lit. hand) watch
    roku dzelžihandcuffs
    roku dvielishand towel
    rokas sprādze, rokassprādzebracelets (hand buckle)
    rokas soma, rokassomahandbag
    roku darbsmanual labor; handmade item (lit. hand work)
    rokas veidošanamanual fabrication (= built manually)
    ar automātiskajām centrālēm aizstātas rokas apkalpes telefona centrāleswith automatic (phone) exchanges manual service was replaced in telephone (= call) centers
  3. (colloquial) sleeve (part of a garment that covers one's arms)
    kleita ar garām rokāma dress with long arms (= sleeves)
    atrotīt krekla rokasto roll up the shirt's arms (= sleeves)
  4. (technology) arm (a long, mobile mechanical device or part of a mechanical device; a handle)
    mehāniskā rokamechanical arm, hand
    robota roka satver apaļu metāla sagatavi un paliek to zem spiednesthe robot hand griped the circular metal object and placed it under the press
    turamās rokas arklam ar skaista līkumā izliektiem apaļiem galiem koši zilasthe bright blue plow hands (= handles) with round ends bent in a beautifully arch

Usage notes[edit]

Latvian roka, like Russian рука (ruka), refers both to a person's entire arm and more specifically to a person's hand; context usually clarifies which interpretation is best. It is the most frequent term in both senses. The word delms “upper limb; arm between shoulder and hand” is rare and academic, and plauksta, though sometimes translatable as “hand,” refers more specifically to the palm of the hand.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “roka”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

roka f (Cyrillic spelling рока)

  1. (Kajkavian) hand, arm
    • 1936, Miroslav Krleža, Balade Petrice Kerempuha
      Z rokami v črevu znuternje mertvečke,
      v kervavem drobu, z rokavi zaferknjeni,

Synonyms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *rankāˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rôka f (genitive rôke or roké, nominative plural rôke or roké)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

roka (definite accusative rokayı, plural rokalar)

  1. rocket (clarification of this definition is being sought)

Declension[edit]