hwæt

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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hwat, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷos, *kʷod. Cognates include Old Frisian hwet (West Frisian wat), Old Saxon hwat (Low German wat), Dutch wat, Old High German hwaz (German was), Old Norse hvat (Danish hvad, Swedish vad), Gothic 𐍈𐌰. The Indo-European root also led to the Latin quod, Lithuanian kàd, and Irish cad.

Pronoun[edit]

hwæt n

  1. what
  2. anything

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hwæt

  1. what!, listen!, hark!, lo!
Quotations[edit]
  • Hwæt! Wē Gār-Dena in ġēar-dagum / þēod-cyninga þrymm ġefrūġnon / hū þā æþelingas ellen fremedon. (Beowulf lines 1-3, edited and translated by Mountebank1)
    Listǃ We, of the gar-danes, in the days of yore, have heard of thede-kings' thrim, how those athelings did ellen-deeds.
    Listen hereǃ We, the Spear-Danes, have heard the stories about the valorous deeds that were performed by the nation-kings from time immemorial, about the glory that they had.

Adverb[edit]

hwæt

  1. now, indeed

References[edit]