夜叉

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(夜叉)
Wikipedia has an article on:
夜叉

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit यक्ष (yakṣa).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (36) (19) (19)
Final () (100) (31) (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiaH/ /t͡ʃʰˠɛ/ /t͡ʃʰˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiaH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/iaH/ /t͡ʃʰæi/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiaH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/
Li
Rong
/iaH/ /t͡ʃʰɛ/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Wang
Li
/jĭaH/ /t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chāi chā

Noun[edit]

夜叉

  1. (Buddhism) yaksha (a malevolent spirit)
  2. (by extension) a ferocious and hideous looking person
  3. (figuratively, humorous, dated) wife

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (夜叉):
  • Japanese:  () (しゃ) (yasha)
  • Korean: 야차 (夜叉, yacha)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
夜叉 (yasha): a male and female yaksha.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しゃ
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 夜叉 (H cha?), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit यक्ष (yakṣa).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

夜叉 (hiragana やしゃ, rōmaji yasha, historical hiragana やしや)

  1. yaksha, a broad class of nature spirits or minor deities who appear in Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain mythology. May be male or female, benevolent or malevolent.
  2. (Buddhism) in Buddhism, yakshas are held to be followers of 毘沙門天 (Bishamonten, Vaiśravaṇa, the chief of the Four Heavenly Kings), and guardians of the north
  3. (figuratively) a demon
    あの (おんな) () (おこ)るとまさに夜叉 (やしゃ)のようだよ。
    Ano onna no ko wa okoru to masa ni yasha no yō da yo.
    When that girl gets angry, she's a real demon.

Idioms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3