夜叉

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Chinese[edit]

night
 
to cross; be stuck; to diverge; to open (as legs); fork; pitchfork; prong; pick; cross; intersect
simp. and trad.
(夜叉)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit यक्ष ‎(yakṣa).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (夜叉, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (100)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yè
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiaH/ /jiaH/ /iaH/ /jiaH/ /iaH/ /jĭaH/ /i̯aH/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final: (31)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chāi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ʃʰɣɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæ/ /t͡ʃʰæi/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /t͡ʃʰɛ/ /t͡ʃʰai/ /ʈ͡ʂʰai/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (19)
Final: (98)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ʃʰɣa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯa/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/

Noun[edit]

夜叉

  1. (Buddhism) yaksha (a malevolent spirit)
  2. (by extension) a ferocious and hideous looking person

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
夜叉 (yasha): a male and female yaksha.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しゃ
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 夜叉 ‎(H cha?), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit यक्ष ‎(yakṣa).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

夜叉 ‎(hiragana やしゃ, romaji yasha, historical hiragana やしや)

  1. yaksha, a broad class of nature spirits or minor deities who appear in Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain mythology. May be male or female, benevolent or malevolent.
  2. (Buddhism) in Buddhism, yakshas are held to be followers of 毘沙門天 ‎(Bishamonten, Vaiśravaṇa, the chief of the Four Heavenly Kings), and guardians of the north
  3. (figuratively) a demon
    あの (おんな) () (おこ)るとまさに夜叉 (やしゃ)のようだよ。
    Ano onna no ko wa okoru to masa ni yasha no yō da yo.
    When that girl gets angry, she's a real demon.

Idioms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3