From goose + berry. It is possible that the first element was originally something related to the gros- of French groseille and/or the kruis- of Dutch kruisbes but has been altered by folk etymology.
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡusˌbɛɹi/
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡuːsb(ə)ɹi/ also IPA(key): /ˈɡʊzb(ə)ɹi/
Audio (US) (file)
gooseberry (plural gooseberries)
- A fruit, Ribes uva-crispa, closely related to the currant.
- We had a good haul of gooseberries from our bushes this year.
- Ribes hirtellum, the closely related American gooseberry.
- Any of several other plants that are not closely related but bear fruit in some way similar:
- the Chinese gooseberry or kiwifruit, the edible berry of a cultivar group of the woody vine Actinidia deliciosa and hybrids between this and other species in the genus Actinidia
- the Indian gooseberry, Phyllanthus emblica, emblic, amla.
- the Ceylon gooseberry, a species of Dovyalis native to Sri Lanka and southern India
- the Barbados gooseberry, Pereskia aculeata, an unusual cactus
- The Long Key locustberry or shiny locustberry, Byrsonima lucida
- Jamaican gooseberry tree, Phyllanthus acuminatus, a herb-like plant
- star gooseberry
- Physalis angulata, also called balloon cherry and cutleaf groundcherry
- Cape gooseberry, Physalis peruviana, indigenous to South America
- poison gooseberry, Withania somnifera
- (dated, British slang) A chaperone.
- (chiefly Britain) An additional person who is neither necessary nor wanted in a given situation.
1915, Lucy Maud Montgomery, chapter VI, in Anne of the Island:
- "But," said Philippa dolefully, "if I go I'll have to be gooseberry, and that will be a new experience for Philippa Gordon."
- "Well, new experiences are broadening. Come along, and you'll be able to sympathize with all poor souls who have to play gooseberry often.
- Robert and Susan were so in love with each other that nobody could go near them without feeling like a gooseberry.
- (dated, British slang) A fool.
- (dated, British slang) A fantastic story; a tall tale; a hoax.
- (dated, British slang, vulgar, usually in the plural) A testicle.
- (fruit): goosegog (UK informal)
- (additional person): third wheel, fifth wheel
- (fool): see Thesaurus:fool
- (testicle): see Thesaurus:testicles
Terms derived from gooseberry