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See also:
U+8B1D, 謝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B1D

[U+8B1C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B1E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜口竹竹戈 (YRHHI), four-corner 04600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1176, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35827
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1640, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4005, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+8B1D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljaːɡs
*ljaːɡs
*ɢljaːɡs, *laːɡs, *ɢljaːɡ, *laːɡ
*ɢljaːɡs, *ɢljaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaːɡs): semantic  (word; speech) + phonetic  (OC *ɢljaːɡs, *laːɡs, *ɢljaːɡ, *laːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Zhangzhou, southern Taiwan:
    • siā - literary (all other senses);
    • chiā - vernacular (surname).
  • Sanxia:
    • siā - literary (all senses, including surname);
    • chiā - vernacular (also used for surname).
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • sia7 - literary (all other senses);
    • zia7 - vernacular (surname).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ⁵¹/
    Harbin /ɕiɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ɕie⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕiə²¹/
    Qingdao /siə²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /siɛ³¹²/
    Xi'an /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
    Xining /ɕi²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ɕie¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiə¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕie³⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕie¹³/
    Guiyang /ɕie²¹³/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ²¹²/
    Nanjing /sie⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ɕi⁵³/
    /se⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ɕie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑia²³/
    Suzhou /ziɑ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑi¹³/
    Wenzhou /zei²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sie⁵⁵/
    /t͡sia¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡ziɒ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑ²¹/
    /t͡ɕʰiɑ²¹/ 地名
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰia⁵³/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰiɑ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɛ²²/
    Nanning /t͡sɛ²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɛ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia²²/
    /t͡sia²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siɑ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sia⁴⁴/
    /sia⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sia³¹/
    /t͡sia³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tia³³/
    /tiak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (100)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziaH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziaH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziaH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ziaH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziaH/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭaH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯aH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiè
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjaeH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə-lAk-s/
    English decline, renounce

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11221
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljaːɡs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to excuse oneself; to make an apology; to apologise
    2. to decline; to renounce; to refuse
    3. to modestly decline
    4. to resign; to stand down
    5. to take leave; to leave; to say goodbye
    6. to tell; to warn
    7. to send one's regards to
    8. to thank; to express gratitude to
    9. thanks; gratitude; gratefulness
    10. thank you; thanks
    11. to thank with a gift; to recompense
    12. to decline; to wane; to wither
    13. to avoid; to avert
    14. to pass away; to depart this life
    15. (historical) region of ancient China in present-day Henan
    16. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. apologize
    2. thank
    3. refuse

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tạ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.