paralysis

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin paralysis, from Ancient Greek παράλυσις (parálusis, palsy), from παραλύειν (paralúein, to disable on one side), from παρά (pará, beside) + λύειν (lúein, loosen). Doublet of palsy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

paralysis (countable and uncountable, plural paralyses)

  1. (pathology) The complete loss of voluntary control of part of person's body, such as one or more limbs.
  2. A state of being inable to act.
    The government has been in a paralysis since it lost its majority in the parliament.

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek παράλυσις (parálusis, palsy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

paralysis f (genitive paralysis or paralyseōs or paralysios); third declension

  1. paralysis, palsy

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative paralysis paralysēs
paralyseis
Genitive paralysis
paralyseōs
paralysios
paralysium
Dative paralysī paralysibus
Accusative paralysim
paralysin
paralysem1
paralysēs
paralysīs
Ablative paralysī
paralyse1
paralysibus
Vocative paralysis
paralysi
paralysēs
paralyseis

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.

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