allay

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English alayen, aleyen, aleggen, from Old English āleċġan (to put, place, lay down, lay aside, throw down, give up, cease from, abandon; put down, allay, suppress, abolish, conquer, destroy, overcome, refute; lay upon, inflict, impose upon; diminish, take away, refuse, lessen, withhold), from Proto-Germanic *uzlagjaną (to lay down), equivalent to a- +‎ lay. Cognate with German erlegen (to impose, cause to succumb, kill), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (uslagjan, to lay down). In Middle English the word was identical to forms of allege and alloy, leading to much overlapping of senses.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

allay (third-person singular simple present allays, present participle allaying, simple past and past participle allayed)

  1. (transitive) To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.
    to allay popular excitement
    to allay the tumult of the passions
  2. (transitive) To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
    to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To subside, abate, become peaceful.
  4. (archaic) To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.
  5. (archaic, by extension) To make worse by the introduction of inferior elements.
    • 1639, Thomas Fuller, The Historie of the Holy Warr:
      Yet far be it from us to condemn all their works to be dross, because debased and allayed with superstitious intents []

Synonyms[edit]

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).
  • alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease; abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

allay

  1. alleviation; abatement; check

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

allay

  1. harvest or digging up of potatoes or tubers

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

allay

  1. (transitive) to dig, dig up, dig out, excavate; to harvest tubers

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]