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From Middle English aswagen, from Old French asuagier (“to appease, to calm”), from Vulgar Latin *assuāviō (“I sweeten, I butter up, I calm”), derived from Latin ad- + suāvis (“sweet”) + -iō.
- IPA(key): /əˈsweɪd͡ʒ/
- (US, regional) IPA(key): /əˈswɑʒ/
- Rhymes: -ɑːʒ
- Hyphenation: as‧suage
assuage (third-person singular simple present assuages, present participle assuaging, simple past and past participle assuaged)
- (transitive) To lessen the intensity of, to mitigate or relieve (hunger, emotion, pain etc.).
- 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], →OCLC:
- Refreshing winds the summer's heat assuage.
- 1796, Edmund Burke, A Letter from the Right Honourable Edmund Burke to a Noble Lord, on the Attacks Made upon Him and His Pension, […], 10th edition, London: […] J. Owen, […], and F[rancis] and C[harles] Rivington, […], →OCLC:
- to assuage the sorrows of a desolate old man
- 1816, Lord Byron, “Canto III”, in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. Canto the Third, London: Printed for John Murray, […], →OCLC, stanza CX:
- the fount at which the panting mind assuages
her thirst of knowledge
- 1864 November 21, Abraham Lincoln (signed) or John Hay, letter to Mrs. Bixby in Boston
- I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement, and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost.
- (transitive) To pacify or soothe (someone).
- (intransitive, obsolete) To calm down, become less violent (of passion, hunger etc.); to subside, to abate.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- assuage in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
- assuage in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “assuage”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- Alternative form of aswagen
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