何故

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Chinese

[edit]
carry; what; how
carry; what; how; why; which
 
happening; instance; reason
happening; instance; reason; cause; deceased; old
 
simp. and trad.
(何故)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (33) (28)
Final () (94) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter ha kuH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑ/ /kuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑ/ /kuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑ/ /koH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦa/ /kɔH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑ/ /koH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑ/ /kuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ/ /kuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ho4 gu3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ha › ‹ kuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁaj/ /*kˁa(ʔ)-s/
English what fact; reason

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 7458 4228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːl/ /*kaːs/

Adverb

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何故

  1. (literary) for what reason; why

Synonyms

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Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
なぜ
Grade: 2 Grade: 5
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 何故 – see the following entry.
なぜ
[adverb] (formal, literary, poetic) why ... ?, how ... ?
(This term, 何故, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

[edit]
Kanji in this term
なに
Grade: 2
ゆえ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of 何故 – see the following entry.
なにゆえ
[adverb] why ... ?, how ... ?
Alternative spelling
何ゆえ
(This term, 何故, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)