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U+5CF6, 島
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CF6

[U+5CF5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CF7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 46, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹日卜山 (HAYU), four-corner 27727)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 312, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8108
  • Dae Jaweon: page 612, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 775, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5CF6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
島-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːwʔ
*taːwʔ
*rtɯːw, *rtɯːw, *tjiw
*tɯːw
*tɯːwʔ
*tɯːwʔ, *tɯːws
*tɯːws

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tuːwʔ): phonetic  (OC *tɯːwʔ) + semantic  (mountain).

Etymology[edit]

Reminiscent of Mon လ္ကံ (from Proto-Mon-Khmer *tkɔɔʔ), but probably not related (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawX/
Li
Rong
/tɑuX/
Wang
Li
/tɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁuʔ/
English island

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9507
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. island

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しま
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しま, rōmaji shima)

  1. an island

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しま, rōmaji Shima)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 3
on’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana とう, rōmaji -tō)

  1. island (in place names)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (seom do))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Kunigami[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しまー, romaji shimaa)

  1. community
  2. island

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すま, romaji suma)

  1. community
  2. island

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しま, romaji shima)

  1. community
  2. island

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đảo, láo)

  1. island

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for island is đảo.

References[edit]


Yaeyama[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しぃま, romaji sïma)

  1. community
  2. island

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちま, romaji chima)

  1. community
  2. island