island

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See also: Island, Ísland, Īsland, and Island'

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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An island.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier iland, from Middle English iland, yland, ylond, from Old English īġland, īeġland, ēaland (island), from Proto-Germanic *awjōlandą (from Proto-Germanic *awjō (island, waterland, meadow), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekʷeh₂) + *landą (land), equivalent to ea +‎ land. Cognate with Scots island, iland, yland (island), West Frisian eilân (island), Saterland Frisian Ailound (island), Dutch eiland (island), Low German Eiland (island), German Eiland (island), Danish ø (island), Norwegian øy (island), Icelandic eyland (island). The insertion of s—a 16th century spelling modification—is due to a change in spelling to the unrelated term isle, which previously lacked s (cf. Middle English ile, yle). The re-addition was mistakingly carried over to include iland as well. Related also to German Aue (water-meadow), Latin aqua (water). More at ea.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

island (plural islands)

  1. A contiguous area of land, smaller than a continent, totally surrounded by water.
  2. An entity surrounded by other entities that are very different from itself.
    an island of tranquility (a calm place surrounded by a noisy environment)
    an island of colour on a butterfly's wing
    • 2018 April 10, Daniel Taylor, “Liverpool go through after Mohamed Salah stops Manchester City fightback”, in The Guardian (London)[1]:
      He was on the ball in a flash, swerving to the left of City’s goalkeeper, Ederson, before shaping his body for a tricky angled finish. He was an island of composure, floating in his 39th goal of the season with a delicate chip into the corner.
    • 1939, Deseret News, October 27 1939, Roosevelt Reaffirms American Neutrality
      King Leopold, speaking in fluent English during his six minute broadcast, said Belgium stood side by side with Holland "an Island of peace in the interests of all"
  3. A superstructure on an aircraft carrier's deck.
  4. A traffic island.
    the island in the middle of a roundabout
  5. (government) An unincorporated area wholly surrounded by one or more incorporated areas.
  6. (grammar) A phrase from which a wh-word cannot be extracted without yielding invalid grammar.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (land surrounded by water): ait, holm
  • (an entity surrounded by other very different entities): oasis

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

island (third-person singular simple present islands, present participle islanding, simple past and past participle islanded)

  1. (transitive) To surround with water; make into an island.
    • 1933, Harriet Monroe, Poetry: Volume 42
      We paused at little river cities along the way and walked upon their bushy dikes, and heard tales of overflows in flood seasons, when four feet or more of water islanded the houses.
  2. (transitive) To set, dot (as if) with islands.
  3. (transitive) To isolate.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Scots[edit]

Scots Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sco

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English īġland.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

island (plural islands)

  1. An island.