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See also: Insula, insulă, and ínsula



From Latin insula (island). Doublet of isle.



insula (plural insulas or insulae)

  1. (historical) A block of buildings in a Roman town.
  2. (neuroanatomy) The insular cortex, a structure of the human brain located within the lateral sulcus.
    • 2007, February 6, “Sandra Blakeslee”, in New York Times[1]:
      All mammals have insulas that read their body condition, Dr. Craig said.
    • 2011, Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature, Penguin 2012, p. 608:
      The insula registers our physical gut feelings, including the sensation of a distended stomach and other inner states like nausea, warmth, a full bladder, and a pounding heart.

Derived terms[edit]





insula (accusative singular insulan, plural insulaj, accusative plural insulajn)

  1. insular



insula (plural insulas)

  1. island

Related terms[edit]


Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
īnsula in marī Adriāticō (an island in the Adriatic Sea)


Of uncertain origin. It has been connected to Ancient Greek νῆσος (nêsos, island) and Proto-Celtic *enistī (island) (whence Breton enez, Irish inis and Welsh ynys).

Pokorny (1959) tentatively connects it to salum (the sea): he posits ellipsis from terra in salō (land in the sea) to in (in) + salō, invoking the similar Ancient Greek word ἔναλος (énalos, maritime).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈĩː.sʊ.ɫa]
  • (file)


īnsula f (genitive īnsulae); first declension

  1. island
  2. residential or apartment block (usually for the lower class)


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative īnsula īnsulae
Genitive īnsulae īnsulārum
Dative īnsulae īnsulīs
Accusative īnsulam īnsulās
Ablative īnsulā īnsulīs
Vocative īnsula īnsulae

Derived terms[edit]



  • insula in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • insula in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • insula in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • insula in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to double an island, cape: superare insulam, promunturium
  • insula in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • insula in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press
  • insula in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • insula in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill




insula f

  1. definite singular nominative form of insulă. the island
  2. definite singular accusative form of insulă. the island