ile

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ile

  1. Obsolete spelling of ail

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ile (plural iles)

  1. Obsolete form of aisle.
    • 1779, Henry Swinburne, Travels through Spain, 1775 and 1776
      A couple of arches , one above the other , rising from the columns , run along the rows ; and from the same basis springs an arch that forms the roof of each ile

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ile (plural iles)

  1. Obsolete form of isle.

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /iʎe/, [i.ʎe̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /ile/, [i.le̞]

Noun[edit]

ile inan

  1. hair

Declension[edit]

Declension of ile (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive ile ilea ileak
ergative ilek ileak ileek
dative ileri ileari ileei
genitive ileren ilearen ileen
comitative ilerekin ilearekin ileekin
causative ilerengatik ilearengatik ileengatik
benefactive ilerentzat ilearentzat ileentzat
instrumental ilez ileaz ileez
inessive iletan ilean ileetan
locative iletako ileko ileetako
allative iletara ilera ileetara
terminative iletaraino ileraino ileetaraino
directive iletarantz ilerantz ileetarantz
destinative iletarako ilerako ileetarako
ablative iletatik iletik ileetatik
partitive ilerik
prolative iletzat

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ile” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • ile” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German īlen, from Proto-Germanic *īlijaną, cognate with German eilen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ile (past tense ilede, past participle ilet)

  1. to hurry, hasten

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ile f (plural iles)

  1. Post-1990 spelling of île.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely from Ancient Greek εἰλεός (eileós, colic), from εἰλέω (eiléō, throng, press), from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (turn, wind, round), same source as with Old Armenian գելում (gelum).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

īle n (genitive īlis); third declension

  1. (chiefly in the plural, anatomy) the part of the abdomen extending from the lowest ribs to the pubes; the groin, flank
  2. (chiefly in the plural, anatomy, zootomy) intestines, guts, entrails
  3. (chiefly in the plural) the belly or body of a vessel
  4. (in the singular) private parts, genitals

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative īle īlia
Genitive īlis īlium
Dative īlī īlibus
Accusative īle īlia
Ablative īlī īlibus
Vocative īle īlia

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ile”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • ile”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ile in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • ile”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ile”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German through Norwegian Bokmål.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ila (a infinitive)

Verb[edit]

ile (present tense iler, past tense ilte, past participle ilt, passive infinitive ilast, present participle ilande, imperative il)

  1. (intransitive) to hurry, haste, hasten

Etymology 2[edit]

Perhaps related to Middle Low German ilen or German eilen.

Noun[edit]

ile f (definite singular ila, indefinite plural iler, definite plural ilene)

  1. a spring, well

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse íli.

Noun[edit]

ile m (definite singular ilen, indefinite plural ilar, definite plural ilane)

  1. (fishing) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ili (sole)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ile m

  1. the sole of the foot

Declension[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jelě.

Pronoun[edit]

ile

  1. how much, how many
    Ile to kosztuje?How much is it?
    Ile masz lat?How old are you?
  2. (colloquial) how long
    Ile jeszcze będę żył?How long will I still live?
    Ile trwa ciąża?How long does pregnancy last?
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

ile m

  1. locative/vocative singular of

Further reading[edit]

  • ile in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ile in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swahili[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ile

  1. Mi class inflected form of -le.
  2. N class inflected form of -le (singular only).

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ایله(ile, with).

Pronunciation[edit]

Postposition[edit]

ile

  1. with
    Arkadaşımla dışarı çıkıyorum.I am going out with my friend.
    Müsadenizle.With your permission.

Conjunction[edit]

ile

  1. and (joining two noun phrases)
    Ateşle barut yan yana durmaz.Fire and gunpowder, side by side, do not last.

Usage notes[edit]

These usage notes apply equally to the use of ile as a postposition and as a conjunction.

The term can be used as a stand-alone word, but usually takes the form of an enclitic, that is, it is suffixed to the preceding word as -la / -yla or -le / -yle. Which form is used depends on the affixed word's dominant vowel, and whether the word ends in a vowel or a consonant.

An apostrophe is required when suffixed to a proper noun:

  • Şebnem'le
  • Ali'yle
  • Barış'la
  • Beyza'yla

Generally, the stress in a Turkish word goes to the last syllable, but, when used as an enclitic, (y)le / (y)la is unstressed and leaves the stress of the preceding word to which it is suffixed unchanged.

In a curious exception to vowel harmony, the suffix -yla raises a preceding back vowel ı to a front vowel i. For example, the word dolayısıyla (“consequently”, “therefore”) is pronounced /dolajɯˈsijla/.

The dual role of the term can occasionally result in an ambiguity. The saying bir taşla iki kuş vurmak, literally “to hit two birds with one stone”, can (theoretically) also mean “to hit one stone and two birds”.


Yoruba[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ī.lé/

Noun[edit]

ilé

  1. home, house, abode
  2. household
  3. place, area
  4. (soccer, sports) goal (an area into which the players attempt to put an object)
    Synonym: àwọ̀n

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Portuguese: ilê