var

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

var

  1. (physics, electrics) Alternative form of VAR

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

var (countable and uncountable, plural vars)

  1. (programming) Abbreviation of variable.
  2. (statistics) Abbreviation of variance.
  3. (physics) A unit of electrical power, in an AC circuit, equal to the power dissipated when 1 volt produces a current of 1 ampere.
  4. (bodybuilding, slang, uncountable) Clipping of Anavar.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *werja, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wer- (to bind, hang) (compare Ancient Greek ἀείρω (aeírō, to heave, hoist up), Lithuanian vérti (to weigh)).[1]

Verb[edit]

var (aorist vara, participle varur)

  1. to hang
  2. to depend on
  3. to bring down

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demiraj, B. (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: []] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 423

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic вар
Abjad وار

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bār.[1] Cognate with Old Turkic𐰉𐰺(bar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Predicative[edit]

var

  1. Existential copula: there is, there are, there exists, there exist
    Bakının yaxınlığında bir karvansara var.
    There is a caravanserai near Baku.
    ― Düyü var? ― Bəli, var.
    Is there any rice? ―Yes, there is.
  2. Expressing possession: to have
    Üç qardaşım var.
    I have three brothers.
    (literally, “There are three of my brothers”)
    ― Gedim çörək alım? ― Yox, hələ varımızdır.
    ―Shall I go and buy bread? ―No, we still have [some].

Antonyms[edit]

  • yox (there is no; to not have)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bār”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vārus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

var (feminine vara, masculine plural vars, feminine plural vares)

  1. varous

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Chrau[edit]

Numeral[edit]

var

  1. two

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech var, from Proto-Slavic *varъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈvar]
  • Hyphenation: var
  • Rhymes: -ar

Noun[edit]

var m inan

  1. boiling

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • var in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • var in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • var in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse varr, from Proto-Germanic *waraz, cognate with English aware.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

var

  1. Only used in blive var (become aware)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. past of være

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. imperative of vare

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch *var, from Old Dutch *far, *fare, from Frankish and Proto-West Germanic *farh, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *farhaz. Related to varken (pig), an old diminutive of var. Related to English farrow.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /vɑr/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

var m (plural varren, diminutive varretje n)

  1. male pig; boar
    Synonym: beer

Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. first/third-person indicative past of vera
    Eg var ógvuliga bangin.I was terribly afraid.
    Hann var ein góður maður.He was a good man.
    Hon var borin í heim í 1913.She was born 1913.
    Tað var stuttligt.It was funny.
    Var tað ikki hon?Wasn't it her?

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain, perhaps related to the verb varr (to sew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

var (plural varok or varak)

  1. scab (an incrustation over a sore, wound, vesicle, or pustule, formed during healing)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative var varok
accusative vart varokat
dative varnak varoknak
instrumental varral varokkal
causal-final varért varokért
translative varrá varokká
terminative varig varokig
essive-formal varként varokként
essive-modal
inessive varban varokban
superessive varon varokon
adessive varnál varoknál
illative varba varokba
sublative varra varokra
allative varhoz varokhoz
elative varból varokból
delative varról varokról
ablative vartól varoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
varé varoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
varéi varokéi
Possessive forms of var
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. varom varaim, varjaim
2nd person sing. varod varaid, varjaid
3rd person sing. vara, varja varai, varjai
1st person plural varunk varaink, varjaink
2nd person plural varotok varaitok, varjaitok
3rd person plural varuk, varjuk varaik, varjaik

or less commonly:

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative var varak
accusative vart varakat
dative varnak varaknak
instrumental varral varakkal
causal-final varért varakért
translative varrá varakká
terminative varig varakig
essive-formal varként varakként
essive-modal
inessive varban varakban
superessive varon varakon
adessive varnál varaknál
illative varba varakba
sublative varra varakra
allative varhoz varakhoz
elative varból varakból
delative varról varakról
ablative vartól varaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
varé varaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
varéi varakéi
Possessive forms of var
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. varam varaim
2nd person sing. varad varaid
3rd person sing. vara varai
1st person plural varunk varaink
2nd person plural varatok varaitok
3rd person plural varuk varaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • var in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse varr, from Proto-Germanic *waraz.

Adjective[edit]

var (comparative varari, superlative varastur)

  1. cautious, aware
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

var n (genitive singular vars, nominative plural vör)

  1. lee, shelter
    Synonym: skjól
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

var

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative of vera (to be)

Jamtish[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. inflection of vara:
    1. past indicative
    2. imperative second-person singular

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. third-person singular/plural present indicative of varēt
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of varēt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of varēt

Laz[edit]

Postposition[edit]

var

  1. Latin spelling of ვარ (var)

Adverb[edit]

var

  1. Latin spelling of ვარ (var)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. simple past of være
  2. imperative of vare

Derived terms[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse var, from Proto-Germanic *was. Ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂wes-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. past tense of vera (to be)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse varr, from Proto-Germanic *waraz. Akin to English wary.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

var (neuter vart, definite singular and plural vare, comparative varare, indefinite superlative varast, definite superlative varaste)

  1. wary, careful
  2. nervous, timid
  3. sensitive
    Eg er var for høge lydar.I am sensitive to loud noises.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse ver, from verja. Doublet of vær.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

var n (definite singular varet, indefinite plural var, definite plural vara)

  1. a sheath or covering
    Har du dratt var på putene endå?Have you put the pillows in pillowcases yet?
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Uncertain, but may be related to verk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

var n (definite singular varet, indefinite plural var, definite plural vara)

  1. (dried) slime, puss, pain

Etymology 5[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. present of va
  2. imperative of vara

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Old Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (boiling; boiling liquid). By surface analysis, deverbal from vřieti or vařiti.

Noun[edit]

var m inan

  1. batch (a quantity of anything brewed at one operation)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjectives
Descendants[edit]
  • Czech: var

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (heat).

Noun[edit]

var m inan

  1. heat
  2. sunstroke
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier vas, from Proto-Norse ᚹᚨᛊ (was) from Proto-Germanic *was, first- and third-person past singular indicative of *wesaną.

Verb[edit]

var

  1. first/third-person singular indicative past of vera

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: var
  • Faroese: var
  • Norwegian:
    • Norwegian Bokmål: var
    • Norwegian Nynorsk: var
  • Jamtish: var
  • Elfdalian: war
  • Old Swedish: var, war
  • Danish: var
  • Old Gutnish: war

References[edit]

  • var”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (boiling; boiling liquid). By surface analysis, deverbal from vrieť or variť.

Noun[edit]

var m

  1. batch (a quantity of anything brewed at one operation)

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “var”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volume 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Old Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. first/third-person singular indicative past of vara

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic варъ (varŭ), from Proto-Slavic *varъ.

Noun[edit]

var n (plural varuri)

  1. lime (calcium oxide, quicklime)

Declension[edit]

Salar[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Turkish var. Doublet of bar (rich).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Jiezi, Gaizi, Qingshui, Baizhuang, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [vɑɹ], [vɑr]
  • (Hanbahe, Daowei, Chahandusi, Baizhuang, Xunhua, Qinghai) IPA(key): [vɑːɹ], [vɑːr]
  • (Mengda, Xunhua, Qinghai) IPA(key): [bɑːr], [pɑː], [pɑr]

Noun[edit]

var

  1. there is

References[edit]

  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “var”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 300, 433, 437, 540, 541
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2016), “var”, in 濒危语言——撒拉语研究 [Endangered Languages ​​- Salar Language Studies], 青海 (Qinghai): 国家社会科学基金项目 (National Social Science Foundation Project), page 292
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985), “bɑr”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 135
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “var”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 135
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “var”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 175

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. Alternative form of varğu.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (heat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vȃr m or f (Cyrillic spelling ва̑р)

  1. (uncountable) heat

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • var” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (heat).

Noun[edit]

var m

  1. heat
    Synonyms: horúčava, horúčosť, páľava
Declension[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (boiling; boiling liquid). By surface analysis, deverbal from vrieť or variť.

Noun[edit]

var m

  1. brewing
Declension[edit]


Derived terms[edit]
adjectives

Etymology 3[edit]

Particle[edit]

var

  1. Alternative form of vari

Further reading[edit]

  • var”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (heat).

Noun[edit]

vȃr m inan

  1. soldering, welding
  2. solder
  3. fine sand, which the smith needs to sprinkle the iron with, when he welds
Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vȃrъ (boiling; boiling liquid). By surface analysis, deverbal from vrẹ́ti or varíti.

Noun[edit]

vȃr m inan

  1. broth, stock, brew
Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English var.

Noun[edit]

var m inan

  1. (physics) var
Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 4[edit]

Derived from Iranian. Compare Avestan𐬬𐬁𐬭𐬀(vāra, entrenchment), Middle Persianwl(war, castle).

Noun[edit]

var m inan

  1. fortress
Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]

var”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • hvar (obsolete since 1906)
  • hwar (obsolete)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hvar, from Proto-Germanic *hwar.

Adverb[edit]

var (not comparable)

  1. where; at which place
    Synonym: (informal, nonstandard) vart
    Var är mina nycklar?Where are my keys?
    Var var jag?Where was I?
Related terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

var

  1. where; the situation in which

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hverr (paradigm merged with a descendant of *hwaz and a descendant of Proto-Germanic *hwarjaz (who (of many)). A cognate to Icelandic hver.

Determiner[edit]

var (neuter vart)

  1. (dated) every
    Var dag är en sällsam gåvaEvery day is a peculiar gift
    • c. 1847, Carl August Hagberg, translation of Shakespeare's As You Like It (c. 1599), act 3, scene 2
      Att för hvart öga som i skogen ser / Det må ett vittne till min dyrkan blifva.
      That every eye which in this forest looks / Shall see thy virtue witness'd every where.
    Synonym: varje
  2. each; per person/thing involved
    Vi fick två bananer varWe got two bananas each
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

var n or c

  1. (uncountable) pus; a mixture of dead bacteria and white blood cells, occurring in areas of infections n
  2. pillowcase n
  3. various species of flatfish of the family Scophthalmidae, such as megrim, whiff, butt, turbot c
Declension[edit]
Declension of var 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative var varet var varen
Genitive vars varets vars varens
Declension of var 3
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative var varen varar vararna
Genitive vars varens varars vararnas
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Norse var, from earlier vas, from Proto-Norse ᚹᚨᛋ (was), from Proto-Germanic *was.

Verb[edit]

var

  1. past indicative of vara: was, were
  2. imperative of vara

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tat[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian w’t (wād, wind), from Proto-Iranian *HwáHatah, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HwáHatas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (wind).

Noun[edit]

var

  1. wind

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishوار(var), from Proto-Turkic *bār. Compare Old Turkic𐰉𐰺(bar).

Adjective[edit]

var (not comparable)

  1. there is, there are (not a verb)
    İstanbul'da bir kervansaray var.
    There is a caravanserai in Istanbul.
    (literally, “A caravanserai exists in Istanbul.”)
    Yediye yirmi beş var.
    It's twenty-five to seven.
    (literally, “There are twenty-five [minutes] to seven.”)
  2. it exists
    Pirinç var mı? — Evet, var.
    Is there any rice? — Yes, there is.
  3. Expressing possession, equivalent of have.
    İki teyzem ve bir dayım var.
    I have two aunts and an uncle.
    (literally, “My two aunts and my uncle exist.”)
Usage notes[edit]

• As an adjective, var is only used predicatively.

• In the phrases “var olmak” and “var etmek”, the word is pronounced with a long vowel (va:r).

Antonyms[edit]
  • yok (there isn't, not have)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

var

  1. second-person singular imperative of varmak

Yola[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English far, from Old English feorr.

Adjective[edit]

var (comparative valler)

  1. far
    • 1867, CONGRATULATORY ADDRESS IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 116, lines 4-6:
      Yer name var zetch avancet avare ye, e'en a dicke var hye, arent whilke ye brine o'zea an ye craggès o'noghanes cazed nae balke.
      Your fame for such came before you even into this retired spot, to which neither the waters of the sea below nor the mountains above caused any impediment.

Adverb[edit]

var

  1. far
    • 1867, “THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 4, page 96:
      An neeat wooden trenshoorès var whiter than snow.
      And neat wooden trenchers far whiter than snow.

Etymology 2[edit]

Preposition[edit]

var

  1. Alternative form of vor
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 39:
      Var faade?
      For what?
    • 1867, “ABOUT AN OLD SOW GOING TO BE KILLED”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 2, page 106:
      Gooude var nat oan dhing, niether treesh ar thraame;
      Good for not one thing; neither for the trace, nor the car.
    • 1867, CONGRATULATORY ADDRESS IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 116, lines 14-15:
      till ee zin o'oure daies be var aye be ee-go t'glade.
      until the sun of our lives (be for ever) be gone down the dark valley (of death).

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 74