İstanbul

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Istanbul

English[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

İstanbul

  1. Rare spelling of Istanbul.
    • 1993, Quataert, Donald, Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution, Cambridge University Press, published 2002, →ISBN, page 110:
      The innovation first was employed in the Ottoman Empire at İstanbul, at the pious foundations around Mahmud Pasha, where a silkmakers’ guild (sandalcı esnafı) had enjoyed a monopoly for some years. [] Under pressure, the state then allowed stone-finishing at Bursa and Diyarbakır, permission it quickly revoked when the İstanbul industry applied counter-pressure. [] So the state broke the İstanbul guild’s monopoly and permitted silkmakers elsewhere to use stone finishing. [] This profoundly changed the relationship between silkmakers in Bursa and İstanbul. The Bursa guild previously had sent its (Duke Zashurus/Jashuru?) fabric to the İstanbul group for finishing but ceased to do so with the opening of the stone-finishing installations at Bursa. There, the Bursa cloth makers were able to produce a better cloth and undersell their İstanbul competitors who had been accustomed to selling at monopoly prices. Bursa makers, for example, offered vermilion cloth for 10 percent less than the İstanbul cloth.
    • 2004, The Rough Guide to Europe, Rough Guides, “Turkey”, “İstanbul”, page 953:
      Arriving in İSTANBUL can come as a shock. [] Yet this is merely one aspect of modern İstanbul; only a couple of kilometres to the north you’ll find the former European quarter of Beyoğlu, with its trendy bars and cutting-edge dance clubs, while north again are the pavement cafés and restaurants of Ortaköy and a series of swish Bosphorus suburbs. / İstanbul is the only city in the world to have played capital to consecutive Christian and Islamic empires, and retains features of both.
    • 2012, Haksöz, Çağrı; Seshadri, Sridhar; Iyer, Ananth V., Managing Supply Chains on the Silk Road: Strategy, Performance, and Risk, CRC Press, →ISBN, pages xv, 18:
      In Chapter 7, Murat Kaya and Çağrı Haksöz present the case of a Turkish 3PL firm based in İstanbul, Turkey. [] The travel time from İstanbul to Central Asia was 9–10 months. [] The duration of caravan travel from Qazvin to İstanbul/İzmir was 110 days, from Qazvin to Aleppo 110 days, from Qazvin to Archangel 105–135 days, and from Isfahan to Aleppo 70 days (Matthee, 1999).

Azerbaijani[edit]

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 İstanbul on Azerbaijani Wikipedia
Other scripts
Cyrillic
Perso-Arabic

Proper noun[edit]

İstanbul

  1. Istanbul (the largest city in Turkey)

Declension[edit]

    Declension of İstanbul
singular plural
nominative İstanbul
İstanbullar
definite accusative İstanbulu
İstanbulları
dative İstanbula
İstanbullara
locative İstanbulda
İstanbullarda
ablative İstanbuldan
İstanbullardan
definite genitive İstanbulun
İstanbulların
    Possessive forms of İstanbul
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) İstanbulum İstanbullarım
sənin (your) İstanbulun İstanbulların
onun (his/her/its) İstanbulu İstanbulları
bizim (our) İstanbulumuz İstanbullarımız
sizin (your) İstanbulunuz İstanbullarınız
onların (their) İstanbulu or İstanbulları İstanbulları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) İstanbulumu İstanbullarımı
sənin (your) İstanbulunu İstanbullarını
onun (his/her/its) İstanbulunu İstanbullarını
bizim (our) İstanbulumuzu İstanbullarımızı
sizin (your) İstanbulunuzu İstanbullarınızı
onların (their) İstanbulunu or İstanbullarını İstanbullarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) İstanbuluma İstanbullarıma
sənin (your) İstanbuluna İstanbullarına
onun (his/her/its) İstanbuluna İstanbullarına
bizim (our) İstanbulumuza İstanbullarımıza
sizin (your) İstanbulunuza İstanbullarınıza
onların (their) İstanbuluna or İstanbullarına İstanbullarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) İstanbulumda İstanbullarımda
sənin (your) İstanbulunda İstanbullarında
onun (his/her/its) İstanbulunda İstanbullarında
bizim (our) İstanbulumuzda İstanbullarımızda
sizin (your) İstanbulunuzda İstanbullarınızda
onların (their) İstanbulunda or İstanbullarında İstanbullarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) İstanbulumdan İstanbullarımdan
sənin (your) İstanbulundan İstanbullarından
onun (his/her/its) İstanbulundan İstanbullarından
bizim (our) İstanbulumuzdan İstanbullarımızdan
sizin (your) İstanbulunuzdan İstanbullarınızdan
onların (their) İstanbulundan or İstanbullarından İstanbullarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) İstanbulumun İstanbullarımın
sənin (your) İstanbulunun İstanbullarının
onun (his/her/its) İstanbulunun İstanbullarının
bizim (our) İstanbulumuzun İstanbullarımızın
sizin (your) İstanbulunuzun İstanbullarınızın
onların (their) İstanbulunun or İstanbullarının İstanbullarının

Estonian[edit]

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 İstanbul on Estonian Wikipedia

Proper noun[edit]

İstanbul

  1. Istanbul (the largest city in Turkey)

Turkish[edit]

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 İstanbul on Turkish Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish استانبول(İstanbul), corruption of Byzantine Greek εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḕn Pólin, to the City), which is how Constantinople was referred to by the local Greeks.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [isˈtanbuɫ], [isˈtambuɫ]

Proper noun[edit]

İstanbul

  1. Istanbul (the largest city in Turkey)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]