From Medieval Latin hȳlē (“matter, the fundamental matter of all things; the matter of the body”) (whence English hyle), a transliteration of Ancient Greek ὕλη (húlē, “wood; material, substance; matter”) or πρώτη ὕλη (prṓtē húlē, “fundamental matter”). The concept of “fundamental matter” was propounded by the Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle (384–322 BCE).
- (philosophy) Matter.
- 1390, John Gower, Confessio Amantis [The Lover's Confession]; published as Reinhold Pauli, editor, Confessio Amantis of John Gower: Edited and Collated with the Best Manuscripts by Dr. Reinhold Pauli, volume III, London: Bell and Daldy Fleet Street, 1857, OCLC 162886391, liber septimus [book 7], pages 91–92:
- Bradley Strattman, A Middle-English Dictionary [12th–15th century], Oxford University Press, 1891 (1967)
- “yle” in John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors, The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989, →ISBN.
yle (plural yles)