inis

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See also: -inis and in- -is

Chuukese[edit]

Noun[edit]

inis

  1. body

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish inis, from Proto-Celtic *enistī (standing in (the water)), from Proto-Indo-European *en- (in) + *steh₂- (stand). Cognate with Welsh ynys.

Noun[edit]

inis f (genitive singular inse, nominative plural insí)

  1. island
    Synonym: oileán
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish in·fét, from in- + Proto-Celtic *wēdeti, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (know, see)

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

inis (present analytic insíonn, future analytic inseoidh, verbal noun insint, past participle inste)

  1. (transitive) tell, relate
    • 1894 March 1, Peadar Mac Fionnlaoigh, “An rí nach robh le fagháil bháis”, in Irisleabhar na Gaedhilge, volume 1:5, Dublin: Gaelic Union, pages 185–88:
      “An bhfuil sean-sgéal ar bith agat le hinnsint damh?” ar san rí.
      "Have you any story to tell me?" says the king.
Conjugation[edit]
  • Alternative present indicative: iniseann

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
inis n-inis hinis not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

inīs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of ineō

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *enistī (standing in (the water)), from Proto-Indo-European *en- (in) + *steh₂- (stand). Cognate with Welsh ynys.

Noun[edit]

inis f (genitive inse, nominative plural insi)

  1. island

Usage notes[edit]

Despite its ī-stem inflection, the nominative singular of inis and its descendants almost never causes the lenition of a following word.

Declension[edit]
Feminine ī-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative inisL inisL insiH
Vocative inisL inisL insiH
Accusative insiN inisL insiH
Genitive inseH inseL inseN
Dative insiL insib insib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: inis

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
inis unchanged n-inis
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Noun[edit]

inis

  1. irritation, vexation, annoyance
    Synonyms: asar, urat

See also[edit]