津波

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Japanese[edit]

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 津波 on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
なみ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (tsu, cove, inlet, outlet) +‎ (nami, wave).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

津波 (hiragana つなみ, rōmaji tsunami)

  1. (oceanography) a tsunami; a tidal wave[5]
    • 1999 December 1, “海竜神リバイアサン [Leviathan]”, in Booster 6 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (うみ) (おも) ()ばれる (うみ)のドラゴン。 () (なみ)をおこして (すべ)てを () ()む。
      Umi no Omo to yobareru umi no doragon. Tsunami o okoshite subete o nomikomu.
      A sea dragon known as the Lord of the Sea. It swallows everything and causes tsunami.
  2. (hydrology, rare) a tidal bore

Usage notes[edit]

The 海嘯 spelling is specific to the tidal bore sense.[4]

This term is sometimes encountered as the compound 地震津波 (jishin tsunami, literally earthquake tsunami), to make the meaning more explicitly clear and disambiguate from the tidal bore sense.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.