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See also:
U+8A8D, 認
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A8D

[U+8A8C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A8E]

Translingual

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Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口尸戈心 (YRSIP), four-corner 07632, composition )

Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1161, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35502
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1626, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3980, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+8A8D

Chinese

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trad.
simp.

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *njɯns, *njɯŋs) : semantic (speech) + phonetic (OC *njɯnʔ).

Etymology

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Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-njan (to hear; to listen) (STEDT); cognate with Tibetan ཉན (nyan, to listen), Mizo en (to look; to look at). Schuessler (2007) suggests another cognate Jingpho non⁵⁵ (to think; to consider).

Pronunciation

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Note: jing6 - common, jan6 - rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (43) (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter nyinH nyingH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪnH/ /ȵɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵinH/ /ȵɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjenH/ /ȵʑieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵinH/ /ȵiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕnH/ /ȵiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕnH/ /ȵʑĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕnH/ /ȵʑi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rèn rèng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jan6 jing6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nə[n]-s/
English know

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10832 10840
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯns/ /*njɯŋs/

Definitions

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  1. to recognize; to know; to understand; to acknowledge
  2. to accept; to agree
  3. to admit (defeat); to resign (oneself to something)
  4. to treat as; to consider as
  5. to adopt; to take on
  6. to undertake (to do something)

Synonyms

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  • (to recognize):

Compounds

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Japanese

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Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

認󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
認󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(Sixth grade kyōiku kanji)

  1. recognize, appreciate

Readings

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From Middle Chinese (MC nyinH):

From Middle Chinese (MC nyingH):

From native Japanese roots:

Compounds

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Proper noun

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(みとむ) (Mitomu

  1. a male given name

References

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  1. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 [The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 1971 (paper), page 1037 (digital)

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun (al in))

  1. hanja form? of (know)
  2. hanja form? of (recognition)
  3. hanja form? of (authorization)
  4. hanja form? of (approval)

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: nhận

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.