大小

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Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
 
small; tiny; few; young
simp. and trad.
(大小)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

大小

  1. a size (of dresses, shoes, etc.); proportions; dimensions; magnitude
  2. degree of seniority
  3. old and young; adults and children

Japanese[edit]

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大小 (daishō): two pairs of katana and wakizashi.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1
しょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Compound of ‎(dai, big, large) +‎ ‎(shō, small, little).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大小 ‎(hiragana だいしょう, romaji daishō)

  1. large and small
  2. the traditional Japanese pair of swords, consisting of the 大刀 ‎(daitō, big blade, i.e. katana) and 小刀 ‎(shōtō, small blade, i.e. wakizashi)
  3. a pair of taiko drums, consisting of one large and one small taiko
  4. long months and short months:
    1. in the lunar calendar, long months of 30 days and short months of 29 days
    2. in the solar calendar, long months of 31 days and short months of 30 days or less

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Appears to be a compound of Old Japanese-derived ‎(ō, big) + ‎(sa, small, rare reading). Alternatively, may be ‎(ō, big) + ‎(-sa, suffix indicating degree or amount).

Appears to be mostly obsolete in modern Japanese, superseded by the term 大きさ ‎(ōkisa, size, literally bigness), from adjective 大きい ‎(ōkii, big). The modern Japanese term with the reading of ōsa is 多さ ‎(ōsa, literally much-ness, many-ness), from adjective 多い ‎(ōi, many, much), deriving from the same Old Japanese root opo as 大きい ‎(ōkii, big).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大小 ‎(hiragana おおさ, romaji ōsa, historical hiragana おほさ)

  1. (probably obsolete) size
    • 796-830, 東大寺諷誦文稿 (Tōdaiji Fujumonkō, “Tōdai Temple Buddhist Prayer Manuscript”) (in Japanese):
      大小 (おほさ) (すずめ) (ごと)
      ohosa wa suzume no gotoshi
      The size was just like that of a sparrow.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9