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See also:
U+53E2, 叢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53E2

[U+53E1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53E3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +16, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿金廿水 (TCTE), four-corner 32147, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 167, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3220
  • Dae Jaweon: page 379, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 402, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53E2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms Min Nan vernacular

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
叢-slip.svg 叢-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *C-tsəw-k/ŋ (to collect; to gather; to assemble). Cognate with (OC *zloʔ, *zlos, “to collect; to store”), (OC *zoːɡ, “clan”), (OC *zloːds, “to collect; most”), (OC *ʔsoːŋ, “sheaf; bundle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chông - literary;
  • châng - vernacular (classifier for trees).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*dzˁoŋ/
English collect; thicket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10668
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to collect; to gather
  2. bush; shrub; thicket
  3. collection
  4. (Min Bei, Min Nan) Classifier for plants.
    / [Min Nan]  ―  chi̍t châng chhiū [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  a tree
  5. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くさむら) (kusamura)

  1. clump of bushes, thicket

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (chong))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: tòng, tùng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.