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U+53E2, 叢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53E2

[U+53E1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53E3]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +16, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿金廿水 (TCTE), four-corner 32147, composition)

  1. bush, shrub
  2. thicket
  3. collection

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 167, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3220
  • Dae Jaweon: page 379, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 402, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53E2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *sʰloːʔ, *sloːʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsloː, *ʔsruʔ, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *slos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰlos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ
*zloː, *zloːʔ, *sʰlo
*rlu, *rluʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsru, *zloʔ, *ljoːnʔ
*ʔsru
*ʔsru, *sʰroːɡ
*ʔsru, *sʰros, *zloːn
*ʔsru
*ʔsru
*zrus
*zloːds
*sʰoːds, *sʰoːd
*zoːds
*sʰroːds
*ʔslo
*ʔslo
*sʰloʔ, *sʰlos, *slo
*zloʔ, *zlos
*zlos
*zloːŋ
*zloːŋ
*ʔsoːd
*ʔsoːd, *sʰoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloːŋ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chông - literary;
  • châng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*dzˤoŋ/
English collect; thicket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10668
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くさむら, romaji kusamura)

  1. clump of bushes, thicket

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chong) (hangeul , revised chong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tòng, tùng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.