太刀

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Japanese[edit]

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太刀 (tachi): rear view of a samurai with a tachi slung from his waist.
Kanji in this term
たち
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
jukujikun
Alternative spellings 大刀
𫥲

Etymology[edit]

/tati//tat͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[1]

Derived from 断ち (tachi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 断つ (tatsu, to sever).[1][2][3][4]

The kanji spelling is a shift from the original Chinese 大刀 (literally great blade), indicating straight swords before the Heian peiod, and later indicating curved swords.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

太刀(たち) (tachi

  1. a type of long sword (as opposed to the shorter katana)
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 20)
      椰句毛多菟(やくもたつ)伊頭毛多鶏流餓(いづもたけるが)波鶏流(はける)多知(たち)菟頭邏佐波磨枳(つづらさはまき)佐微那辞珥(さみなしに)阿波礼(あはれ) [Man'yōgana]
      ()(くも)()出雲(いづも)たけるが()ける太刀(たち)黒葛(つづら)(さは)()きさ()なしにあはれ [Modern spelling]
      ya kumo tatsu Izumo-takeru ga hakeru tachi tsuzura sawamaki saminashi ni aware
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. a sword positioned with the blade facing down when worn (as opposed to the katana, which is worn with the blade facing upward)

Derived terms[edit]

Proverbs[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

太刀(たち) (Tachi

  1. a surname

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN