太刀

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Japanese[edit]

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A back view of a samurai with a 大刀 (tachi) in armor wearing a sashimono, holding a spear and a severed head.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
Irregular

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/tati//tat͡si//tat͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese.

Derived from 断ち (tachi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 断つ (tatsu, to sever).[1][2]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓). Originally written as 大刀 (literally great katana) represented by straight swords before the Heian peiod, later written as this spelling to represent curved swords.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

太刀 (hiragana たち, rōmaji tachi)

  1. a type of long sword (as opposed to the shorter katana)
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 20)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       () (くも) ()出雲 (いづも)たけるが ()ける () ()黒葛 (つづら) (さは) ()きさ ()なしにあはれ [Modern spelling]
      ya kumo tatsu Izumo-takeru ga hakeru tachi tsuzura sawamaki saminashi ni aware
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. a sword positioned with the blade facing down (as opposed to the katana which the blade is faced upward)

Derived terms[edit]

Proverbs[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

太刀 (hiragana たち, rōmaji Tachi)

  1. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN