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U+5BFA, 寺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BFA

[U+5BF9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BFB]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 41 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土木戈 (GDI), four-corner 40341, composition(GJKHO) or ⿱(TV)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 293, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7414
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5BFA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
寺-bronze.svg 寺-bigseal.svg 寺-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːʔ, *tɯːŋʔ
*dɯːʔ
*ljɯs
*l'ɯ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ, *djɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *djɯs
*dɯʔ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ, *djɯs
*djɯ
*djɯʔ
*djɯs
*hljɯ
*hljɯ
*dɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljɯs): phonetic  (OC *kjɯʔ) + semantic  (hand) – to grasp, to hold. Phonetic 止 () became in Clerical Script and semantic become in Small Seal Script.

The derivative refers to the original word.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • sī - vernacular;
  • sū/sīr - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/zɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/zieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨH/
Li
Rong
/ziəH/
Wang
Li
/zĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ziH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ziH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-[d]əʔ-s/
English hall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12030
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljɯs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. temple; monastery
  2. government court; office (Used before Han dynasty)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. archaic form of 近侍 referring to eunuchs

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
てら
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

There are various theories regarding the ultimate derivation.

Considering the phonetic development in Korean, the avenues for transmission of Buddhist terms to Japan, and the consistent temple sense of the Japanese term throughout recorded history, the now-obsolete Korean (dyeol, temple) may be a more likely source than Pali thera (elders).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana てら, rōmaji tera)

  1. (chiefly Buddhist) a temple

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MCH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

  1. (chiefly Buddhist) a temple

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 16, poem 3822), text here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  6. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa, si) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, nguyên, nhân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.