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See also:
U+524E, 剎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-524E

[U+524D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+524F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 大金中弓 (KCLN) or 大木中弓 (KDLN), four-corner 42900, composition𣏂)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 140, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2012
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 1, page 342, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+524E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰraːd): phonetic  (OC *sreːds, *sreːd) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

Transcription of the kṣV (क्ष) sequence in various Sanskrit words, including:

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂa⁵³/ ~那
Tianjin
Jinan
Qingdao
Zhengzhou
Xi'an
Xining
Yinchuan
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa¹³/
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Kunming
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑʔ⁵/ 寶~
Hefei
Jin Taiyuan
Pingyao
Hohhot
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Hui Shexian
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Nanning
Hong Kong /t͡sʰat̚³/
/sat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
Fuzhou (Min Dong)
Jian'ou (Min Bei)
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan)

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (71)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠat̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰᵚat̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰaɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰat̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰat̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰăt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cha
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11015
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰraːd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (剎多羅)
    1. (Buddhism) land; world; place; area
    2. (Buddhism) place of pilgrimage; kshetra; Buddhist temple; Buddhist monastery; pagoda
      /   ―  chà  ―  old Buddhist temple
  2. (剎那)
    1. (Buddhism) instant; moment; impermanence
    2. (by extension) brief moment; short moment
See also[edit]
  • (brief moment): ()

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From (shā), in turn from (shā).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂa⁵¹/
Harbin /sa⁴⁴/ ~車
Tianjin /sɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʂa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂa²⁴/ ~車
Xi'an /sa²¹/
Xining /sa⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂa¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂa³¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa¹³/
Ürümqi /sa²¹³/
Wuhan /sa²¹³/
Chengdu /sa³¹/
Guiyang /sa²¹/
Kunming /ʂa̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʂɑʔ⁵/ ~車
Hefei /ʂɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /saʔ²/
Pingyao /sʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /saʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /saʔ⁵/
Suzhou /saʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /saʔ²¹/
Tunxi /sɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /saʔ⁵/ ~車
Hakka Meixian /sat̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sat̚³/
Nanning /sat̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰat̚³/
/sat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sap̚²/
/sap̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa⁵⁵/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to brake (a car); to stop a car
    /   ―  shāchē  ―  to brake a car

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chal) (hangeul , revised chal, McCune-Reischauer ch'al, Yale chal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.