普通話

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See also: 普通话

Chinese[edit]

ordinary; plain; average
 
dialect; language; spoken words; speech; talk; words; conversation; what someone said
trad. (普通話) 普通
simp. (普通话) 普通

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

普通話

  1. common language
  2. (chiefly mainland China, recently in Hong Kong) Standard Mandarin Chinese; standard Chinese
    普通話 / 普通话  ―  Nǐ huì shuō pǔtōnghuà ma?  ―  Can you speak Mandarin?
  3. (usually in contrast with 國語) mainland Chinese Mandarin; Putonghua

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 普通話 (“Modern Standard Chinese; Putonghua”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 普通話
Mandarin Beijing 普通話
Taiwan 國語華語
Malaysia 華語
Singapore 華語
Cantonese Guangzhou 普通話國語
Hong Kong 國語普通話
Gan Nanchang 普通話
Hakka Meixian 普通話
Hui Shexian 普通話
Jin Taiyuan 普通話
Min Bei Jian'ou 普通話
Min Dong Fuzhou 普通話
Min Nan Xiamen 普通話
Taipei 國語
Wu Shanghai 普通話
Xiang Changsha 普通話

Hypernyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
つう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Mandarin 普通話普通话 (pǔtōnghuà, “common speech”).

Noun[edit]

普通話 ‎(hiragana ふつうわ, romaji futsūwa, alternative reading プートンファ, romaji pūtonfa, alternative reading プートンホワ, romaji pūtonhowa)

  1. The Mandarin Chinese language, Putonghua

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This official term is a borrowing from Mandarin, but is not often used in speech as it sounds like 普通は(futsū wa, normally, usually). Consequently, 北京語(pekingo) is more commonly used instead, which also has the meaning of “Beijing language/dialect”. Alternatively, approximations of Mandarin pronunciations are used, e.g. プートンファ(pūtonfa) or プートンホワ(pūtonhowa).

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

普通話 ‎(botonghwa) ‎(hangeul 보통화)

  1. Hanja form? of 보통화, “Mandarin, Putonghua”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

普通話

  1. Hán tự form of phổ thông thoại, “Mandarin, Putonghua