普通話

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 普通话

Chinese[edit]

 
spoken words; speech; dialect; language; talk; conversation; what someone said
trad. (普通話) 普通
simp. (普通话) 普通

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

普通話

  1. common language
  2. (chiefly Mainland China, recently in Hong Kong) Standard Mandarin Chinese; standard Chinese
    標準普通話 / 标准普通话  ―  biāozhǔn de pǔtōnghuà  ―  standard Mandarin
    普通話 / 普通话  ―  Nǐ huì shuō pǔtōnghuà ma?  ―  Can you speak Mandarin?
    方言學校普通話 [MSC, trad.]
    方言学校普通话 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā zài jiā shuō fāngyán, zài xuéxiào shuō pǔtōnghuà. [Pinyin]
    He speaks the local dialect at home and Standard Mandarin at school.
  3. (usually in contrast with 國語国语 (guóyǔ, “Taiwanese Mandarin”)) mainland Chinese Mandarin; Putonghua

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 普通話 (“Modern Standard Chinese; Putonghua”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 普通話
Mandarin Beijing 普通話
Taiwan 國語, 華語
Malaysia 華語
Singapore 華語
Cantonese Guangzhou 普通話, 普語
Hong Kong 國語, 普通話
Nanning 普通話
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 華語
Liudui (S. Sixian) 華語
Hsinchu (Hailu) 華語
Dongshi (Dabu) 華語
Hsinchu (Raoping) 華語
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 華語
Min Dong Fuzhou 普通話
Min Nan Xiamen 普通話
Quanzhou 普通話
Zhangzhou 普通話
Taipei 國語, 華語
Penang 唐人話
Singapore 華語
Philippines (Manila) 華語, 國語, 普通話
Wu Shanghai 普通閒話
Suzhou 普通閒話

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
つう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Mandarin 普通話普通话 (pǔtōnghuà, “common speech”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

普通話 (hiragana ふつうわ, rōmaji futsūwa)

  1. Standard Mandarin, Putonghua

Usage notes[edit]

  • This official term is a borrowing from Mandarin, but is not often used in speech.

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

普通話 (botonghwa) (hangeul 보통화)

  1. Hanja form? of 보통화 (Mandarin, Putonghua).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

普通話

  1. Hán tự form of phổ thông thoại (Mandarin, Putonghua).