普通話

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Chinese[edit]

ordinary; plain; average
 
dialect; language; spoken words; speech; talk; words; conversation; what someone said
trad. (普通話) 普通
simp. (普通话) 普通

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

普通話

  1. common language
  2. (chiefly mainland China, recently in Hong Kong) Standard Mandarin Chinese; standard Chinese
    普通話 / 普通话  ―  Nǐ huì shuō pǔtōnghuà ma?  ―  Can you speak Mandarin?
  3. (usually in contrast with 國語) mainland Chinese Mandarin; Putonghua

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 普通話 ("Modern Standard Chinese; Putonghua")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing 普通話
Taiwan 國語華語
Malaysia 華語
Singapore 華語
Cantonese Hong Kong 國語普通話

Hypernyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
つう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Mandarin 普通話普通话 (pǔtōnghuà, “common speech”).

Noun[edit]

普通話 ‎(hiragana ふつうわ, romaji futsūwa)

  1. The Mandarin Chinese language.

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This official term is a borrowing from Mandarin, but is not often used in speech as it sounds like 普通は ‎(futsū wa, normally, usually). Consequently, 北京語 ‎(pekingo) is more commonly used instead, which also has the meaning of “Beijing language/dialect”.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

普通話 ‎(botonghwa) ‎(hangeul 보통화)

  1. Hanja form? of 보통화, “Mandarin, Putonghua”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

普通話

  1. Hán tự form of phổ thông thoại, “Mandarin, Putonghua