餓鬼

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See also: 饿鬼

Chinese[edit]

to be hungry; hungry ghost; sly; crafty
trad. (餓鬼)
simp. (饿鬼) 饿

Etymology[edit]

The Buddhism sense is a translation of Sanskrit प्रेत (preta).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (31) (28)
Final () (94) (21)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑH/ /kʉiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑH/ /kʷɨiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑH/ /kiuəiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaH/ /kujX/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑH/ /kiuəiX/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑH/ /kĭwəiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑH/ /kwe̯iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è guǐ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngo6 gwai2

Noun[edit]

餓鬼

  1. hungry person
  2. glutton; gourmand
  3. (derogatory) pig
  4. (Buddhism) hungry ghost (one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
餓鬼 (gaki): a traditional Japanese depiction of various hungry ghosts from a 12th-century scroll.
Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: S
on’yomi

Borrowing from Middle Chinese compound 餓鬼 (MC ŋɑH kʉiX, “hungry + ghost”). Compare modern Min Nan reading gō-kúi. The Chinese term derives from the importation of Buddhism into China, as a translation of Sanskrit प्रेत (preta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (gaki

  1. (Buddhism) short for 餓鬼道 (gakidō): the hungry ghost realm, one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology
  2. (Buddhism) a preta: the spirit of a jealous or greedy person who, as punishment for mortal vices, has been cursed with insatiable hunger
  3. (Buddhism) the souls of the dead who languish in oblivion without any surviving relatives to pray for their peace
  4. (figuratively) anyone who is constantly hungry or thirsty
  5. (figuratively) anyone who is unhealthily thin and appears as if they are starving
  6. (archaic) Short for 餓鬼病 (gakiyami, gakibyō, leprosy).
  7. (derogatory, slang, by extension from the sense of someone who is always hungry) an unpleasant child, a brat
    • 2000 August 10, Andō, Yūma; Asaki, Masashi, “BREAK(ブレイク).39 (つう)(こん)(くに)(みつ) [BREAK.39 When Kunimitsu Has Remorse‥]”, in サイコメトラーEIJI(エイジ) [Psychometrer EIJI], volume 24 (fiction), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN:
      でも——()(わい)いですね このジンガイのガキ
      Demo—— kawaii desu ne kono jingai no gaki
      However—— this crooked brat’s pretty cute, don’t ya think
      チッ ロリコンが
      Chih rorikon ga
      Yeesh, you pedophile
    • 2000 August 10, Andō, Yūma; Asaki, Masashi, “(けん)()() (くに)(みつ) [Kunimitsu, Brawl Delivery]”, in サイコメトラーEIJI(エイジ) [Psychometrer EIJI], volume 24 (fiction), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN:
      ()ねや ガキィ〰〰‼
      Shine ya gakī~~‼
      Drop dead, you son of a bitch〰〰‼
Usage notes[edit]

The slang sense is often spelled in kana.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
き > っき
Grade: S
on’yomi Irregular

Shift in pronunciation of gaki above. Gemination is a common form of emphasis in the process of Japanese word formation. The meaning of brat is by extension from the original sense of gaki above, referring to someone who is always hungry.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(っき) (gakki

  1. (derogatory, slang, dated) an unpleasant child, a brat
Usage notes[edit]

Often spelled in kana.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

餓鬼 (agwi) (hangeul 아귀)

  1. Hanja form? of 아귀 ((literally: "hungry ghost") a ravenous or voracious person).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

餓鬼

  1. Hán tự form of ngạ quỷ ((Buddhism) preta).