餓鬼

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See also: 饿鬼

Chinese[edit]

to be hungry; hungry ghost; sly; crafty
trad. (餓鬼)
simp. (饿鬼) 饿

Etymology[edit]

The Buddhism sense is a translation of Sanskrit प्रेत (preta).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

餓鬼

  1. hungry person
  2. (derogatory) pig
  3. (Buddhism) hungry ghost; one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology
  4. the spirit of a jealous or greedy person who, as punishment for mortal vices, has been cursed with an insatiable hunger

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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餓鬼 (gaki): a traditional Japanese depiction of various hungry ghosts from a 12th-century scroll.
Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: S
on’yomi

Borrowing from Middle Chinese compound 餓鬼 (MC ŋɑH kʉiX, “hungry + ghost”). Compare modern Min Nan reading gō-kúi. The Chinese term derives from the importation of Buddhism into China, as a translation of Sanskrit प्रेत (preta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

餓鬼 (hiragana がき, rōmaji gaki)

  1. (Buddhism) short for 餓鬼道 (gakidō): the hungry ghost realm, one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology
  2. (Buddhism) a preta: the spirit of a jealous or greedy person who, as punishment for mortal vices, has been cursed with insatiable hunger
  3. (Buddhism) the souls of the dead who languish in oblivion without any surviving relatives to pray for their peace
  4. (figuratively) anyone who is constantly hungry or thirsty
  5. (figuratively) anyone who is unhealthily thin and appears as if they are starving
  6. (archaic) Short for 餓鬼病 (gakiyami, gakibyō, leprosy).
  7. (pejorative, slang, by extension from the sense of someone who is always hungry) an unpleasant child, a brat
Usage notes[edit]

This is an example of a word that can be spelled with katakana to convey an informal conversational tone. The slang sense in particular is often encountered in katakana, as ガキ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: S
Irregular

Shift in pronunciation of gaki above. Gemination is a common form of emphasis in the process of Japanese word formation. The meaning of brat is by extension from the original sense of gaki above, referring to someone who is always hungry.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

餓鬼 (hiragana がっき, rōmaji gakki)

  1. (pejorative, slang) an unpleasant child, a brat
Usage notes[edit]

Often spelled in hiragana.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

餓鬼 (agwi) (hangeul 아귀)

  1. Hanja form? of 아귀, “(literally: "hungry ghost") a ravenous or voracious person”.