gourmand

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Middle French gourmant.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊə.mənd/, /ˈɡʊʁmɑ̃/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡɔɹˈmɑnd/, /ˈɡʊɹ.mɑnd/

Noun[edit]

gourmand ‎(plural gourmands)

  1. A person given to excess in the consumption of food and drink; a greedy or ravenous eater.
    • Ben Jonson (1572-1637)
      That great gourmand, fat Apicius
    • 1908, W. B. M. Ferguson, Zollenstein, chapterI:
      The colonel and his sponsor made a queer contrast: Greystone [the sponsor] long and stringy, with a face that seemed as if a cold wind was eternally playing on it. […] But there was not a more lascivious reprobate and gourmand in all London than this same Greystone.
  2. A person who appreciates good food.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French gourmant ‎(glutton), originally an adjectival form, from Old French, where it had the sense of trencherman, but of uncertain ultimate origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡuʁ.mɑ̃/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: gourmands
  • Hyphenation: gour‧mand

Adjective[edit]

gourmand m (feminine singular gourmande, masculine plural gourmands, feminine plural gourmandes)

  1. eating a lot
  2. (more recently) having a love for good food, demanding of food quality

Noun[edit]

gourmand m ‎(plural gourmands, feminine gourmande)

  1. a person who eats a lot, or who has refined tastes in food

Usage notes[edit]

The French and English usages of this word are false friends. While the English word has evolved to emphasize the excesses of a gourmand, the French word has become more associated with refined tastes in food. See also gourmet, which has considerable overlap with this word.

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Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French.

Adjective[edit]

gourmand m (f gourmande, m plural gourmands, f plural gourmandes)

  1. (Jersey) greedy

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

gourmand m f (plural gourmands)

  1. gourmand (person who appreciates good food)
  2. gourmand (person who eats too much)

Synonyms[edit]