clod

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English clod, a late by-form of clot, from Old English clot, from Proto-West Germanic *klott (mass, ball, clump). Compare clot and cloud; cognate to Dutch klodde (rag) and kloot (clod).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clod (plural clods)

  1. A lump of something, especially of earth or clay.
  2. The ground; the earth; a spot of earth or turf.
  3. A stupid person; a dolt.
  4. Part of a shoulder of beef, or of the neck piece near the shoulder.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

clod (third-person singular simple present clods, present participle clodding, simple past and past participle clodded)

  1. (transitive) To pelt with clods.
    • 1906, Mark Twain, Eve's Diary
      "When I went there yesterday evening in the gloaming it had crept down and was trying to catch the little speckled fishes that play in the pool, and I had to clod it to make it go up the tree again and let them alone."
    • 1959, Louis L'Amour, The First Fast Draw
      when I came out and started to hoist it to the mule's back they rushed at me and jerked my suspenders down and then they clodded me with chunks of dirt
  2. (transitive, Scotland) To throw violently; to hurl.
  3. To collect into clods, or into a thick mass; to coagulate; to clot.
    • 1610, Giles Fletcher, Christ's Victorie and Triumph
      Clodded in lumps of clay.

References[edit]

clod in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A late by-form of clot of unclear provenance. Compare Old English *clod, a form of clot found in compounds and placenames.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clod (plural cloddes)

  1. A clod; a ball of earth or clay.
  2. (rare) A clot or clump of blood.
  3. (rare) A shoulder of beef.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: clod
  • Scots: clod

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *klod, from Proto-Celtic *klutom (rumour; fame), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (heard, famous) (whence also clywed (to hear)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clod m (plural clodydd)

  1. praise, renown, credit
  2. distinction (in exam results)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
clod glod nghlod chlod
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “clod”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies