百合

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Chinese[edit]

hundred
 
to close; to gather; to join
to close; to gather; to join; to fit; all; together
simp. and trad.
(百合)
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Etymology[edit]

Named “hundred-union”, for the numerous segmented and overlapping scales on the bulb of the lily. The lily is traditionally a propitious sign of a blissful, long-lasting marriage; see the idiom 百年好合 (bǎiniánhǎohé).

The Taiwanese Min Nan pronunciation iú-lih is borrowed from Japanese 百合 (yuri).

The sense “yuri; lesbian” is a semantic loan and a orthographic borrowing from Japanese 百合 (yuri).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: iú-lih - borrowed from Japanese 百合 (yuri).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (1) (33)
Final () (113) (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠæk̚/ /ɦʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚak̚/ /ɦəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pak̚/ /ɣɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨjk̚/ /ɦəp̚/
Li
Rong
/pɐk̚/ /ɣᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/pɐk̚/ /ɣɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɐk̚/ /ɣăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo

Noun[edit]

百合

  1. lily
  2. (ACG slang) yuri; lesbian

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (百合):
  • Korean: 백합 (百合, baekhap)
  • Vietnamese: bách hợp (百合)

Proper noun[edit]

百合

  1. Yuri (a Japanese female given name)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆり
Grade: 1 Grade: 2
jukujikun
百合 (yuri): A lily plant.
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Etymology[edit]

Probably the nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of classical verb 揺る (yuru, to sway, to swing, to wave back and forth), from the way that lilies tend to grow tall and sway in the breeze.

The spelling is an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 百合, indicating the way that lily bulbs cluster together合わす (awasu, to gather, combine)—in large numbers, as in (hyaku, literally hundred).

For information on the slang for homosexuality, see Yuri (genre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

百合(ゆり) (yuri

  1. (botany) lily
  2. a style of 襲の色目 (kasane no irome, color scheme of layering garments), featuring a red outer layer and a reddish-gold inner layer, and worn in summer (from the way the color scheme resembles the coloration of the petals of certain varieties of lily)
  3. (slang) yuri, manga or other media depicting attraction, romance or sexual relationship between women, usually lesbians
    • 2015 February 25, “Dansei ga ‘yuri’ (gāruzurabu) ni moeru riyū [The reason men enjoy ‘yuri’ (girls love)]”, in Mainabi News[1]:
      だったらむしろ、レズビアンや百合(ゆり)のほうが(たの)しめるというわけなんです。(だん)(せい)百合(ゆり)()えるのは、(せい)(たい)するファンタジーなのかもしれません。
      Dattara mushiro, rezubian ya yuri no hō ga tanoshimeru to iu wake nan desu. Dansei ga yuri ni moeru no wa, sei ni taisuru fantajī na no kamoshiremasen.
      If that's the case, it seems to be the reason that they enjoy lesbians or yuri. That a man fancies yuri, it is likely a sexual fantasy.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

百合(ゆり) (Yuri

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

百合 (baekhap) (hangeul 백합)

  1. Hanja form? of 백합 (lily).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

百合

  1. Hán tự form of bách hợp (Lilium pumilum).