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U+9FA0, 龠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9FA0

[U+9F9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9FA1]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
龠-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 214, +0, 17 strokes, cangjie input 人一口月 (OMRB), four-corner 80227, composition𠱠𠕁)

  1. Kangxi radical #214, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1538, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48882
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2080, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4807, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9FA0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠎤
Wikipedia has articles on:
龠部 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Radical 214 (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
龠-oracle.svg 龠-bronze.svg 龠-seal.svg 龠-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lowɢs
*los
*hljowɢ, *lowɢ
*lowɢ
*lowɢ
*lowɢ
*lowɢ
*lowɢ
*lowɢ
*lowɢ

Pictogram (象形) – a woodwind instrument. In the bronze inscriptions, (a flipped ) was added to show a mouth playing the instrument.

Shuowen interprets it as an ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/iak̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ yak ›
Old
Chinese
/*lewk/
English flute; key; tube

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16350
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lowɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. musical instrument which contains the bamboo tube and has three or other numbers of holes
  2. an ancient unit of volume

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. flute

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: やく (yaku)
  • Kan-on: やく (yaku)
  • Kun: ふえ (fue, )

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yak) (hangeul , revised yak, McCune–Reischauer yak, Yale yak)

  1. flute

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dược, thược)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]