conjunction

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See also: Conjunction

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French conjonction, from Latin coniūnctiō (joining), from coniungere (to join).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kənˈdʒʌŋk.ʃən/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: con‧junc‧tion
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋkʃən

Noun[edit]

Examples (grammar)
  • Bread, butter and cheese.

conjunction (countable and uncountable, plural conjunctions)

  1. The act of joining, or condition of being joined.
    Synonyms: connection, union
    • 1872, George Eliot [pseudonym; Mary Ann Evans], chapter XVIII, in Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life, volume (please specify |volume=I, II, III, or IV), Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 948783829, book I (Miss Brooke):
      [] Dr. Minchin in return was quite sure that man was not a mere machine or a fortuitous conjunction of atoms; []
    • 1896, Robert Louis Stevenson, Familiar Studies of Men and Books[1]:
      About them all there is that sort of stiff quaint unreality, that conjunction of the grotesque, and even of a certain bourgeois snugness, with passionate contortion and horror, that is so characteristic of Gothic art.
  2. (grammar) A word used to join other words or phrases together into sentences. The specific conjunction used shows how the two joined parts are related.
    • 1881, Alfred Ayres [pseudonym; Thomas Embly Osmun], The Verbalist[2]:
      A comma is placed between short members of compound sentences, connected by and, but, for, nor, or, because, whereas, that expressing purpose (so that, in order that), and other conjunctions.
  3. Cooccurrence; coincidence.
    • 1843, John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic[3], volume 1:
      [] the coexistence of one such phenomenon with another; or the succession of one such phenomenon to another: their conjunction, in short, so that where the one is found, we may calculate on finding both.
  4. (astronomy) The alignment of two bodies in the solar system such that they have the same longitude when seen from Earth.
    Hyponyms: grand conjunction, great conjunction, inferior conjunction, superior conjunction, topocentric conjunction
    Antonym: opposition
    • 2011, Starf*cker [] , Ev Cochrane, →ISBN, page 140:
      The spectacular conjunction of Venus and Mars gave rise to a myriad of mythical interpretations.
  5. (astrology) An aspect in which planets are in close proximity to one another.
  6. (logic) The proposition resulting from the combination of two or more propositions using the () operator.
    Coordinate term: disjunction
    Meronyms: conjunct, logical connective
  7. (obsolete) Sexual intercourse.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:copulation

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]