宇宙

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Chinese[edit]

room; universe universe
simp. and trad.
(宇宙)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (宇宙, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final: (24)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɨoX/ /ɦioX/ /ɣioX/ /ɦuə̆X/ /ɣioX/ /ɣĭuX/ /i̯uX/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (11)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɨuH/ /ɖiuH/ /ȡiəuH/ /ɖuwH/ /ȡiuH/ /ȡĭəuH/ /ȡʱi̯ə̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (宇宙, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hjuX › /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/ eaves

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15719 0 /*ɢʷaʔ/
15519 2 /*l'ɯwɢs/

Noun[edit]

宇宙

  1. universe; cosmos; macrocosm; space
  2. roof, ridgepole and beams (of a house)
  3. heaven and earth; all under heaven; country
  4. (infinite) space and time

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (宇宙):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
ちゅう
Grade: 6
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

宇宙 ‎(hiragana うちゅう, romaji uchū)

  1. outer space
  2. universe, cosmos

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

宇宙 ‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

宇宙 ‎(uju) ‎(hangeul 우주)

  1. Hanja form? of 우주, “outer space; universe; cosmos”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

宇宙

  1. Hán tự form of vũ trụ, "outer space; universe; cosmos"