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U+5F1F, 弟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F1F

[U+5F1E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F20]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

(radical 57, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金弓中竹 (CNLH), four-corner 80227, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 357, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9737
  • Dae Jaweon: page 673, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 244, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5F1F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰiːl
*tʰiːl, *diːls
*tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls
*tʰiːlʔ
*tʰiːls, *diːls
*tʰiːls
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːls

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tī/tǐ - vernacular;
  • tē/tě - literary;
  • tî/ti/tih - limited, e.g 阿弟, 弟弟.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (7) (7)
    Final () (39) (39)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () IV IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /deiX/ /deiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /deiX/ /deiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛiX/ /dɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛjX/ /dɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /deiX/ /deiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dieiX/ /dieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱieiX/ /dʱieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁəjʔ/
    English younger brother

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 2294 2297
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*diːlʔ/ /*diːls/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. younger brother
    2. junior
    3. (humble) I; me

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おと
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Cognate with the verb 劣る (otoru, to be lesser, inferior).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おと, rōmaji oto)

    1. a younger sibling

    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (otōto): the orange highlighting indicates the younger brother relative to all of the children to the left.
    Kanji in this term
    おとうと
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    /otopito//otoɸito//otowito//*otowuto//otouto//otoːto/

    Originally a compound of (oto, younger sibling) +‎ (hito, person).[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おとうと, rōmaji otōto)

    1. one’s own younger brother
    2. a younger male
    Usage notes[edit]

    Used when referring to one’s own younger brother. To refer to someone else’s younger brother, the suffixed form さん (otōto-san) is used instead. When addressing one’s own younger brother, the given name is used, often with a suffix, such as 太郎 (Tarō-kun). Contrast with addressing one’s own older brother, when one uses the honorific お兄さん (onīsan).

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (je)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul):
      • Name (hangeul): 아우 (revised: au, McCune–Reischauer: au, Yale: awu)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đệ, dễ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.