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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
弟-bw.png


(radical 57 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金弓中竹 (CNLH), four-corner 80227, composition丿)

  1. young brother
  2. junior
  3. I, me

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 357, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9737
  • Dae Jaweon: page 673, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 244, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5F1F

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (弟), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徒禮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/deiX/ /dʱieiX/ /deiX/ /deiX/ /dɛjX/ /dieiX/ /dɛiX/
Character (弟), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 特計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/deiH/ /dʱieiH/ /deiH/ /deiH/ /dɛjH/ /dieiH/ /dɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dejX › /*lˤəjʔ/ younger brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2294 1 /*diːlʔ/ 甲金文象繩束弋(朱芳圃說),繞弋繩須次第不亂方利於射,爲第初文
2297 1 /*diːls/

Noun[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with the verb 劣る ‎(otoru, to be lesser, inferior).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おと, romaji oto)

  1. a younger sibling

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

otopito > otoɸito > otowito > *otowuto > otouto > otoːto. Compound of ‎(oto, younger sibling) +‎ [script needed] ‎(hito, person) +‎ .

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おとうと, romaji otōto)

  1. one’s own younger brother
  2. a younger male
Usage notes[edit]

Used when referring to one’s own younger brother; to refer to another’s younger brother, one uses 弟さん ‎(otōtosan), while when addressing one’s own younger brother, one uses their given name, such as 太郎 ‎(Tarō). Contrast with addressing one’s own older brother, when one uses the honorific お兄さん ‎(oniisan).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: je, McCune-Reischauer: che, Yale: cey)
  • Name (hangeul): 아우 (revised: au, McCune-Reischauer: au, Yale: awu)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đệ, dễ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.