弟子

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Chinese[edit]

younger brother
 
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
simp. and trad.
(弟子)
variant forms 弟仔 Min Bei
anagram 子弟

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

弟子

  1. disciple
  2. (dialectal Mandarin, Min Bei, dialectal Wu) younger brother

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 弟弟 (“younger brother”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 弟弟
Mandarin Beijing 兄弟, 弟弟
Taiwan 弟弟
Harbin 兄弟, 弟弟
Jinan 兄弟, 弟弟
Muping 兄兒, 兄弟
Luoyang 兄弟
Wanrong 兄弟 male speaker, 弟子 female speaker
Xi'an 兄弟
Xining 兄弟, 弟弟
Xuzhou 弟弟, 兄弟
Yinchuan 兄弟
Ürümqi 弟弟, 兄弟, 富康子
Wuhan 弟弟, 兄弟
Chengdu 弟娃兒, 兄弟, 弟弟
Guiyang , 兄弟, 弟弟 childish
Liuzhou , 阿弟, 老弟
Yangzhou 兄弟, 弟弟
Nanjing 弟弟, 兄弟
Hefei 兄弟, 弟弟
Nantong 弟子
Cantonese Guangzhou 細佬, 弟弟
Hong Kong 細佬, 弟弟
Taishan
Dongguan 細佬, 弟弟
Yangjiang 小弟
Gan Nanchang 老弟, 兄弟
Lichuan
Pingxiang 老弟
Hakka Meixian 老弟, 老弟仔
Xingning 老弟, 老弟里
Huidong (Daling) 老弟
Qujiang 老弟
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 老弟
Changting 老弟
Pingyu 老弟子
Wuping 老弟
Liancheng 老弟
Ninghua 老弟
Yudu 老弟
Ruijin 老弟
Shicheng 老弟
Shangyou 老弟
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 老弟
Liudui (S. Sixian) 老弟
Hsinchu (Hailu) 老弟
Dongshi (Dabu) 老弟
Hsinchu (Raoping) 老弟
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿弟
Sabah 老弟
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 兄弟, 弟弟
Xinzhou 兄弟
Min Bei Jian'ou 弟仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 依弟 face-to-face,
Min Nan Xiamen 小弟, 阿弟 face-to-face
Quanzhou 小弟, 阿弟 face-to-face
Zhangzhou 小弟, 阿弟 face-to-face
Taipei 小弟
Kaohsiung 小弟
Penang 小弟, 阿棣
Philippines (Manila) 小弟
Chaozhou 阿弟
Haikou 老弟 non-face-to-face, 阿弟 face-to-face
Leizhou 老弟
Pinghua Nanning 老弟
Wu Shanghai 弟弟, 阿弟
Suzhou 兄弟, 弟弟
Hangzhou 阿弟, 弟弟
Wenzhou 阿弟
Chongming 兄弟
Danyang 弟子
Jinhua
Ningbo 阿弟, 弟弟 face-to-face
Xiang Changsha 老弟, 弟弟
Shuangfeng 老弟, 弟弟
Loudi 老弟

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (弟子):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 弟子 (MC deiX t͡sɨX). Probably the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

弟子 (hiragana ていし, rōmaji teishi)

  1. a disciple, an apprentice
  2. (Buddhism) on a mala or Buddhist rosary, the ten small beads closest to the end of the portion that hangs free from the largest bead

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Appears to be a shift from teishi above, adopting the 慣用音 (kan'yōon, customary reading) of de for the first character. This is now the most common reading for the disciple, apprentice sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

弟子 (hiragana でし, rōmaji deshi)

  1. an apprentice, a disciple
    • Yamazaki, Kore, “第1篇 April showers bring May flowers. [Composition 1: April showers bring May flowers.]”, in 魔法使いの嫁The Ancient Magus Bride [The Ancient Magus’ Bride], volume 1 (fiction), Tokyo: Mag Garden, page 20:
      きみ魔法使いぼくとしてかんげいするよ 死の愛し仔スレイ・ベガ…いや チセ
      Kimi o boku no deshi to shite kangeisuru yo Surei Bega… Iya Chise
      You are welcome as my apprentice, Sleih Beggey… I mean, Chise

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おと
Grade: 2
こ > ご
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (oto, younger, cognate with (otōto, younger brother), itself from oto + (hito, person)) +‎ (ko, child).[2] The ko changes to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

弟子 (hiragana おとご, rōmaji otogo)

  1. the youngest child
  2. short for 弟子月 (otogo-zuki, “December” in the lunar calendar)
Synonyms[edit]

(youngest child):

(December):

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

弟子 (jeja) (hangeul 제자)

  1. Hanja form? of 제자 (disciple; pupil).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

弟子

  1. Hán tự form of đệ tử (disciple; underling).