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U+61BE, 憾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61BE

[U+61BD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61BF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 心戈口心 (PIRP), four-corner 93035, composition)

  1. to regret, remorse
  2. dissatisfied

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 405, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11312
  • Dae Jaweon: page 745, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2360, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+61BE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəmH/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀmH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ homH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-kˤ[ə]mʔ-s/
English dissatisfied

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13504
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. remorse

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hám, hóm, gớm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.