Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(wine) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一田竹土口 (MWHGR), four-corner 14661)

  1. strong, stimulating
  2. very

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1283, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39870
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1783, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3583, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9177

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (酷), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 沃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦沃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuok̚/ /kʰuok̚/ /kʰok̚/ /kʰuok̚/ /kʰawk̚/ /kʰuok̚/ /kʰok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khowk › /*kʰˤuk/ cruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3824 1 /*kʰuːɡ/

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. cruel
    /   ―  cán  ―  cruel; cruelty
  2. to an extreme degree
    /   ―  ài  ―  to have a passion for; to be keen on; to ardently love
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Mandarin, slang) cool

Usage notes[edit]

Whilst English "cool" may be used in a wide variety of contexts, () (and, by extension, 酷毙) is usually only used to describe something fashionable or extraordinary.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2007, Jiequn Li; Jieming Li, Yong'an Gao, Junying Ma, Jian Leng, C.L. Shannon, Pingchao Gu, Andrew Gluckman, Popular Chinese Expressions (流行汉语), Latest (in English/Mandarin), Beijing: Sinolingua, ISBN 978-7-80200-100-8:
  • 2008, Shujuan Li, Popular Chinese Expressions (流行汉语), 2nd (in English/Mandarin), Beijing: Sinolingua, ISBN 978-7-80200-388-0:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hok) (hangeul , revised hok, McCune-Reischauer hok, Yale hok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khốc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.