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U+61AF, 憯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61AF

[U+61AE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61B0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心一山日 (PMUA), four-corner 91061, composition)

  1. sorrowful, sad
  2. already, nevertheless

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 404, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11261
  • Dae Jaweon: page 744, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2353, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+61AF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
憯-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsɯːm, *ʔsrɯm
*ʔsluːm, *ʔsluːmʔ, *ʔsluːms, *ʔsrum
*ʔsluːm
*sʰluːmʔ, *sʰlɯːmʔ
*sʰluːmʔ, *ʔsluːb
*sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam
*zluːm
*zluːm, *hl'iːnʔ
*sluːmʔ
*ʔslom
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlom, *zloms
*ʔslɯːms
*sl'ɯm
*zlum
*ʔsrɯm
*ʔsrums

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (14)
Final () (159) (157)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰʌmX/ /t͡sʰemX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰemX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɒmX/ /t͡sʰɛmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰɛmX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰᴀmX/ /t͡sʰemX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɒmX/ /t͡sʰiemX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰămX/ /t͡sʰiemX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǎn qiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6699 6712
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰluːmʔ/ /*sʰlɯːmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune–Reischauer ch'am, Yale cham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.