短冊

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 3
さく > ざく
Grade: 6
kan’on
Alternative spellings
短尺
短籍
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短冊 (tanzaku): small and colorful strips of paper hung onto small trees during the Tanabata festival

Compound of Middle Chinese-derived elements (tan, short) +‎ (saku, writable object).

The saku changes to zaku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(たん)(ざく) (tanzaku

  1. a small strip of paper that can be written on, especially those hung on bamboo or other trees during Tanabata
  2. a vertical card in which Japanese poetry (waka, haiku, etc.) can be written on
  3. a thin strip of cloth before the middle perforation of, for example, a cuff
  4. Synonym of スリップ (surippu): a transliteration of the English word 'slip'
  5. (historical, colloquial) Synonym of 一分金 (ichibukin) a rectangular gold coin worth one (bu, one-fourth of a ryō)
  6. Short for 短冊形 (tanzaku-gata): a thin rectangle
  7. Short for 短冊箱 (tanzaku-bako): a box in which tanzaku or tea utensils are stored.
  8. a small twisted piece of paper used in the lottery
    Synonym: 捻り文 (hineribumi)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 3
しゃく > じゃく
Grade: 6
goon
Alternative spellings
短尺
短籍

Compound of Middle Chinese-derived elements (tan, short) +‎ (shaku, writable object).

The shaku changes to jaku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(たん)(じゃく) (tanjaku

  1. (rare) Same as たんざく (tanzaku) above
  2. a kind of 指物 (sashimono, small banner worn by soldiers for identification during the Sengoku period)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN