短い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
みじか
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Man'yōshū, dated to roughly 759 CE.

Appears to be derived as a compound, but the constituent parts remain obscure. The stem form mijika is also found in compounds, and in the now-obsolete adjective forms 短やか (mijikayaka) and 短らか (mijikaraka), indicating that the ‑ka in mijika is not the adjectivizing suffix (‑ka) (as in 静か shizuka), and is instead part of the root term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

短い (-i inflection, hiragana みじかい, rōmaji mijikai)

  1. short, brief

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9