短い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
みじか
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Man'yōshū, dated to roughly 759 CE.

Appears to be derived as a compound, but the constituent parts remain obscure. The stem form mijika is also found in compounds, and in the now-obsolete adjective forms 短やか ‎(mijikayaka) and 短らか ‎(mijikaraka), indicating that the ‑ka in mijika is not the adjectivizing suffix ‎(‑ka) (as in 静か shizuka), and is instead part of the root term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

短い ‎(-i inflection, hiragana みじかい, romaji mijikai)

  1. short

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9