|Kanji in this term|
Compound of 静 (shizu, bound morpheme indicating “quietness” or “calmness”) + か (ka, suffixing element used to form na adjectives). The shizu portion is cognate with the shizu in 静む (shizumu, “to become quiet”), 沈む (shizumu, “to sink; to set (such as the sun or moon); to become depressed”). This shizu might also be related to 下 (shita, “down; below”).
- inaudible, quiet, silent
- Shizuka na kinjo ga konomashii desu.
- I prefer quiet neighbourhoods.
- Shizuka desu.
- It's quiet.
- Koko de wa shizuka na hokō o nozomimasu.
- We prefer an inaudible walk [tread] here.
- calm, tranquil
- still, stopped and not moving
- not busy
For degree, corresponding to the English quietness, both 静かさ (shizukasa) and 静けさ (shizukesa) can be used, but 静けさ (shizukesa) may be more common. Note that shizukesa derives from the related archaic adjective 靜けし (shizukeshi, “quiet, calm”).
- (calm): 穏やか (odayaka)
- 静心 (shizugokoro): a calm and quiet mind
- 静静 (shizushizu): quietly, softly, calmly
- 沈む (shizumu): to sink; to set (such as the sun or moon); to become depressed
- 静まる (shizumaru): to become still or quiet
- 静める (shizumeru): to make still or quiet; to appease; to soothe, to relieve; to quell, to put down
- 鎮宮 (shizumiya): a shrine where a 神 (kami) is honored and offerings are made