静か

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しず
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of ‎(shizu, bound morpheme indicating “quietness” or “calmness”) +‎ ‎(-ka, suffixing element used to form na adjectives). The shizu portion is cognate with the shizu in 静む ‎(shizumu, to become quiet), 沈む ‎(shizumu, to sink; to set (such as the sun or moon); to become depressed).[1][2] This shizu might also be related to ‎(shita, down; below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

静か ‎(-na inflection, hiragana しずか, romaji shizuka, historical hiragana しづか)

  1. inaudible, quiet, silent
     (しず)近所 (きんじょ) (この)ましいです。
    Shizuka na kinjo ga konomashii desu.
    I prefer quiet neighbourhoods.
     (しず)です。
    Shizuka desu.
    It's quiet.
    ここでは (しず)歩行 (ほこう) (のぞ)みます。
    Koko de wa shizuka na hokō o nozomimasu.
    We prefer an inaudible walk [tread] here.
  2. calm, tranquil
  3. still, stopped and not moving
  4. not busy

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

For degree, corresponding to the English quietness, both 静かさ ‎(shizukasa) and 静けさ ‎(shizukesa) can be used, but 静けさ ‎(shizukesa) may be more common. Note that shizukesa derives from the related archaic adjective 靜けし ‎(shizukeshi, quiet, calm).

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0