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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矮-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 111 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人大竹木女 (OKHDV), four-corner 82444, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 825, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1238, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2585, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+77EE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːlʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qrol, *qrolʔ)

might be an abbreviated form of (“short”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ai²¹⁴/
Harbin /ai²¹³/
/nai²¹³/
Tianjin /nai¹³/
Jinan /iɛ⁵⁵/
/ŋɛ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iɛ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ai⁵³/
Xi'an /ŋai⁵³/
Xining /nɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɛ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɛ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ai⁵¹/
Wuhan /ŋai⁴²/
Chengdu /ŋai⁵³/
Guiyang /ŋai⁴²/
/ai⁴²/
Kunming /æ⁵³/
Nanjing /ae²¹²/
Hefei /ʐe̞²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁵³/
Pingyao /ŋæ⁵³/
Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /a³⁵/
Suzhou /ɑ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔie̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /a³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ŋa³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋa³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ŋai⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ai³¹/
Taoyuan /ɑi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐi³⁵/
Nanning /ɐi³⁵/
Hong Kong /ŋɐi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ai⁵³/
/ue⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ai²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /oi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ɔi²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (31)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǎ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣɛX/ /ʔɯæX/ /ʔæiX/ /ʔaɨjX/ /ʔɛX/ /aiX/ /ʔaiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12885 1 /*qraːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of stature) short
    Antonyms: (gāo)
  2. low

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Definitions[edit]

  1. small, little
  2. low

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer wae, Yale way)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ải)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.