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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矮-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

might be an abbreviated form of (short).

For mnemotechnical reasons, this character is sometimes decomposed as + + , things that are short in their category. This is not the character etymology.

References[edit]

  • Lawrence J. Howell, Hikaru Morimoto (accessed 2014-02-22), “矮”, in An Etymological Dictionary of Chinese Character Interpretations[1] (in Japanese/English)
  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 10

Han character[edit]

(radical 111 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人大竹木女 (OKHDV), four-corner 82444, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 825, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1238, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2585, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+77EE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ai²¹⁴/
Harbin /ai²¹³/
/nai²¹³/
Tianjin /nai¹³/
Jinan /iɛ⁵⁵/
/ŋɛ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iɛ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ai⁵³/
Xi'an /ŋai⁵³/
Xining /nɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɛ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɛ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ai⁵¹/
Wuhan /ŋai⁴²/
Chengdu /ŋai⁵³/
Guiyang /ŋai⁴²/
/ai⁴²/
Kunming /æ⁵³/
Nanjing /ae²¹²/
Hefei /ʐe̞²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁵³/
Pingyao /ŋæ⁵³/
Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /a³⁵/
Suzhou /ɑ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔie̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /a³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ŋa³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋa³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ŋai⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ai³¹/
Taoyuan /ɑi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐi³⁵/
Nanning /ɐi³⁵/
Hong Kong /ŋɐi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ai⁵³/
/ue⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ai²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /oi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ɔi²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣɛX/ /ʔaiX/ /ʔɛX/ /ʔɯæX/ /ʔaɨjX/ /aiX/ /ʔæiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12885 1 /*qraːlʔ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. short (of stature)
  2. low

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Min Nan) “矮”, in On-line Taiwanese/Mandarin Dictionary (台文/華文線頂辭典)[2] (in Taiwanese/English), accessed 2011-01-29

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Definitions[edit]

  1. small, little
  2. low

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer wae, Yale way)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ải)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.