aita

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See also: AITA, aitā, Aita, and aită

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoetic nursery-word, attested since the 15th century; compare Proto-Indo-European *átta (father), Proto-Uralic *attɜ (father, grandfather), Proto-Turkic *ata (father), Proto-Kartvelian *ded- (mother).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ai̯ta/, [ai̯.t̪a]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

aita anim

  1. father
    Nire aitaren etxea / defendituko dut.
    My father's home / I will defend.
  2. priest
  3. autor

Declension[edit]

Declension of aita (animate, ending in -a)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive aita aita aitak
ergative aitak aitak aitek
dative aitari aitari aitei
genitive aitaren aitaren aiten
comitative aitarekin aitarekin aitekin
causative aitarengatik aitarengatik aitengatik
benefactive aitarentzat aitarentzat aitentzat
instrumental aitaz aitaz aitez
inessive aitarengan aitarengan aitengan
locative
allative aitarengana aitarengana aitengana
terminative aitarenganaino aitarenganaino aitenganaino
directive aitarenganantz aitarenganantz aitenganantz
destinative aitarenganako aitarenganako aitenganako
ablative aitarengandik aitarengandik aitengandik
partitive aitarik
prolative aitatzat

Related terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aita, possibly from Proto-Uralic *ajta. Cognate with Karelian aituš, Livvi aidu, Estonian aed.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯tɑ/, [ˈɑi̯t̪ɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑitɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ai‧ta

Noun[edit]

aita

  1. fence
  2. (low) wall

Declension[edit]

Inflection of aita (Kotus type 9*F/kala, t-d gradation)
nominative aita aidat
genitive aidan aitojen
partitive aitaa aitoja
illative aitaan aitoihin
singular plural
nominative aita aidat
accusative nom. aita aidat
gen. aidan
genitive aidan aitojen
aitainrare
partitive aitaa aitoja
inessive aidassa aidoissa
elative aidasta aidoista
illative aitaan aitoihin
adessive aidalla aidoilla
ablative aidalta aidoilta
allative aidalle aidoille
essive aitana aitoina
translative aidaksi aidoiksi
instructive aidoin
abessive aidatta aidoitta
comitative aitoineen
Possessive forms of aita (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person aitani aitamme
2nd person aitasi aitanne
3rd person aitansa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Aita.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aita. Cognates include Finnish aita and Estonian aed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aita

  1. fence
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 79:
      Aita kraasattii valkiaks
      The fence is painted white.

Declension[edit]

Declension of aita (type 3/kana, it-ij gradation)
singular plural
nominative aita aijat
genitive aijan aitoin
partitive aitaa aitoja
illative aitaa aitoi
inessive aijaas aijois
elative aijast aijoist
allative aijalle aijoille
adessive aijaal aijoil
ablative aijalt aijoilt
translative aijaks aijoiks
essive aitanna, aitaan aitoinna, aitoin
exessive1) aitant aitoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 5

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

aita

  1. inflection of aitare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of aita
North Karelian
(Viena)
aita
South Karelian
(Tver)
aida

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aita. Cognates include Finnish aita.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯tɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ai‧ta

Noun[edit]

aita (genitive aijan, partitive aitua)

  1. (North Karelian) fence

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of aita (type 4/kala, it-ij gradation)
singular plural
nominative aita aijat
genitive aijan aitojen
partitive aitua aitoja
illative aitah aitoih
inessive aijašša aijoissa
elative aijašta aijoista
adessive aijalla aijoilla
ablative aijalta aijoilta
translative aijakši aijoiksi
essive aitana aitoina
comitative aijoineh
comitative aijatta aijoitta
Possessive forms of aita
1st person aitani
2nd person aitaš
3rd person aitah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “забор”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN

Kavalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kita.

Pronoun[edit]

aita

  1. we (inclusive of the person spoken to)

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 aita on Latvian Wikipedia
Aita

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *aitā, from Proto-Indo-European *ey-, *oy- (to go) (cf. iet) with an extra syllable . The original meaning was thus “goer, one that goes (around),” a common source of words for “sheep” (cf. Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian баран (baran), a borrowing from Proto-Turkic *baran (one that goes)). An alternative theory, which derives aita from the diminutive avitiņa of dated avs (sheep) is less likely to be correct, since the avi > ai change would be irregular. Cognates include Lithuanian áita (feminine), áitas (one who walks around a lot; restless person) (masculine), Old Prussian aytegenis (small (quick, restless) woodpecker), Russian dialectal етенька (jetenʹka, name used to call sheep) (from *ěta- < *ait-), Hittite 𒇻 (iyant-, sheep) (lit. “goer, one that goes”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

aita f (4th declension)

  1. sheep (esp. Ovis aries; generic word)
    mājas aitadomestic sheep
    aitu ganssheep herd (shepherd, person)
    aitu sunssheep dog (shepherd, dog breed)
    cirpt aitasto shear the sheep

Usage notes[edit]

The term aita is more frequent than avs, both as a generic and as the specific name of the female.

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “aita”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Basque aita.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaita/, [ˈai̯.t̪a]

Noun[edit]

aita m (plural aitas)

  1. (Spain, Basque Country, Navarre) dad

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *aita.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

aita (genitive aďďaa, partitive [please provide])

  1. garden

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[2], 2 edition, Tallinn