衚衕

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (衚衕/胡同) / /
simp. (胡同)
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衚衕。

Etymology[edit]

First attested in Yuan Dynasty.

Probably a compound from (street, passage), a native word attested in Shuowen Jiezi,[1] or from (MC ɦˠʌŋH) (MC *ɦˠʌŋH). [2]

Alternatively, a loan word from Middle Mongolian ᠬᠤᠳᠳᠤᠭ (quddug, water well) (> Mongolian худаг (hudag)), indicating that people lived where wells could be dug.

Another theory postulates that this is borrowed from Middle Mongolian ᠭᠤᠳᠤᠮ (ɣudum, corridor, passage, passageway) (> Mongolian гудам (gudam)).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

衚衕

  1. hutong (a narrow street, lane, or alley, most commonly in Beijing)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

衚衕

  1. Hán tự form of hồ đồng (hutong).