衚衕

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (衚衕/胡同) / /
simp. (胡同)
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衚衕。

Etymology[edit]

First attested in Yuan Dynasty.

Probably a compound from (tòng, “street, passage”), a native word attested in Shuowen Jiezi[1], or from Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠʌŋH).[2]

Alternatively, a loan word from Middle Mongolian ᠬᠤᠳᠳᠤᠭ (quddug, water well) (compare Mongolian худаг (khudag)), indicating that people lived where wells could be dug.

Another theory postulates that this is borrowed from Middle Mongolian ᠭᠤᠳᠤᠮ (ɣudum, corridor, passage, passageway) (compare Mongolian гудам (gudam)).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

衚衕

  1. hutong (a narrow street, lane, or alley, most commonly in Beijing)
    北京春天適合騎車衚衕 [MSC, trad.]
    北京春天适合骑车胡同 [MSC, simp.]
    Běijīng de chūntiān hěn shìhé qíchē guàng hútòng. [Pinyin]
    Beijing’s spring is very suitable for cycling around the hutongs.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (衚衕):
  • Japanese: ()(どう) (kodō)
  • Vietnamese: hồ đồng (衚衕)

Others:

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

衚衕

  1. chữ Hán form of hồ đồng (hutong).