From Middle English carpenter, from Anglo-Norman carpenter (compare Old French charpentier), from Late Latin carpentārius (“a carpenter”), from Latin carpentārius (“a wagon-maker, carriage-maker”), from Latin carpentum (“a two-wheeled carriage, coach, or chariot, a cart”), from Gaulish carbantos, from Proto-Celtic *karbantos (“chariot, war chariot”), probably related to Proto-Celtic *karros (“wagon”). More at car.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɑː.pən.tə/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɑɹpəntɚ/
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)pəntə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: car‧pen‧ter
carpenter (plural carpenters)
- A person skilled at carpentry, the trade of cutting and joining timber in order to construct buildings or other structures.
- (nautical) A senior rating in ships responsible for all the woodwork onboard; in the days of sail, a warrant officer responsible for the hull, masts, spars and boats of a ship, and whose responsibility was to sound the well to see if the ship was making water.
- A two-wheeled carriage.
- (zoology) A carpenter bee.
- 1968, Elliot C. G. Pinhey, Introduction to insect study in Africa, page 146:
- The large, stout African bees are carpenters (Xylocopa), making small tunnels in timber, housing few individuals.
- (Canada, Britain, regional) A woodlouse.
- 2015, A.D. Barber, “Vernacular names of woodlice with particular reference to Devonshire”, in Bulletin of the British Myriapod & Isopod Group, page 58:
- Eleven names in Laver’s table (just over 6%) are of the “carpenter” type, a name for woodlice also recorded in Shropshire and Warwickshire. […] Apparently a Newfoundland word for woodlouse is “carpenter” or “cafner” (another is also “boat-builder”). These names clearly relate to the animals’ affinity to wood as will “carpenter’s flea”, “wood-pig”, “wood-bug”, “grampus wood-bug” and, of course “woodlouse”.
- To work as a carpenter, cutting and joining timber.
- Synonym: (rare) carpent
- “carpenter”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “carpenter”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- “carpenter”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
carpenter (plural carpenteres)
- Alternative form of