saor

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish saer, from Old Irish sóer, from Proto-Celtic *su-wiro-s ‎(good man).

Adjective[edit]

saor ‎(genitive singular masculine saoir, genitive singular feminine saoire, plural saora, comparative saoire)

  1. free (not imprisoned; unconstrained; without obligations; (of software) with very few restrictions on distribution or improvement)
    1. (literary) having freeman status, enfranchised; noble
    2. independent
    3. disengaged
    4. unrestrained, unrestricted
    5. not fixed or combined
    6. blameless, innocent (ar, ó ‎(of))
    7. immune, exempt (ar, ó ‎(from))
    8. safe (ó ‎(from))
    9. (literary, of things) choice
    10. (grammar) autonomous (of Celtic verb forms similar in meaning to the passive voice)
  2. cheap, inexpensive
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (cheap, inexpensive): daor
Usage notes[edit]

Although ‘free’ is the most common translation of this word, it does not mean ‘free of charge, gratis’, but rather ‘cheap, inexpensive’ in reference to goods or services being exchanged. The term for ‘free of charge’ is in aisce.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

saor ‎(present analytic saorann, future analytic saorfaidh, verbal noun saoradh, past participle saortha) (transitive)

  1. (literary) raise to free status, enfranchise
  2. free, liberate
  3. save, redeem
  4. acquit, exonerate
  5. free, exempt, deliver (ar, ó ‎(from))
  6. (with de) rid of
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Irish saer, from Old Irish sáer, from Proto-Celtic *saɸiros, from Proto-Indo-European *sapiros, from *sap- ‎(skill).

Noun[edit]

saor m ‎(genitive singular saoir, nominative plural saoir)

  1. craftsman
  2. (stone)mason
  3. artificer
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
saor shaor
after an, tsaor
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 saer” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 saer” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish sóer, from Proto-Celtic *su-wiro-s ‎(good man).

Adjective[edit]

saor ‎(comparative saoire)

  1. free
  2. cheap
Declension[edit]
Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative saor shaor saora
Vocative shaoir shaor saora
Genitive shaoir shaoir/saoire saora
Dative shaor shaoir saora
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

saor ‎(past shaor, future saoraidh, verbal noun saoradh, past participle saorte)

  1. free, rescue, save
  2. clear, redeem
  3. cheapen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish sáer, from Proto-Celtic *saɸiros, from Proto-Indo-European *sapiros, from *sap- ‎(skill).

Noun[edit]

saor m ‎(genitive singular saoir, plural saoir)

  1. joiner
  2. carpenter

References[edit]

  • 1 saer” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 saer” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Venetian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sapor, sapōrem. Compare Italian sapore

Noun[edit]

saor m (plural saori)

  1. taste, flavour
  2. sauce