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Recorded since c.1425, from Middle English redemen, modified from Middle English redemer, redimer, from Latin redimō (release; obviate; atone for), itself from re- (back; again) + emō (buy; gain, take, procure).



redeem (third-person singular simple present redeems, present participle redeeming, simple past and past participle redeemed)

  1. (transitive) To recover ownership of something by buying it back.
  2. (transitive) To liberate by payment of a ransom.
  3. (transitive) To set free by force.
    • 1611, King James Version, Exodus 6:6:
      Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments ...
  4. (transitive) To save, rescue
  5. (transitive) To clear, release from debt or blame
  6. (transitive) To expiate, atone (for)
  7. (transitive, finance) To convert (some bond or security) into cash
  8. (transitive) To save from a state of sin (and from its consequences).
  9. (transitive) To repair, restore
  10. (transitive) To reform, change (for the better)
  11. (transitive) To restore the honour, worth, or reputation of oneself or something.
  12. (transitive, archaic) To reclaim



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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.