exonerate

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin exonerāt-, the participle stem of exonerāre, from exonerō (to discharge, to unload; to exonerate), from ex- (a prefix denoting privation) + onerō (to burden, to lade, to load) (from onus (burden, load), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃énh₂os (burden, load), from *h₃enh₂- (to charge, to onerate)). Compare French exonérer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

exonerate (third-person singular simple present exonerates, present participle exonerating, simple past and past participle exonerated)

  1. (transitive, now rare) To relieve (someone or something) of a load; to unburden (a load).
  2. (obsolete, reflexive) Of a body of water: to discharge or empty (itself).
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; republished as The Anatomy of Melancholy. What It Is, with All the Kinds, Causes, Symptomes, Prognosticks, & Seuerall Cures of It. In Three Partitions, with Their Severall Sections, Members & Subsections. Philosophically, Medicinally, Historically, Opened and Cut Up, Oxford: Printed for Henry Cripps, 1628, OCLC 220775438, part II, section ii, member 3, page 231:
      I would examine the Caſpian Sea, and ſee where and how it exonerates it ſelfe, after it hath taken in Volga, Iaxares, Oxus, and thoſe great rivers; at the mouth of Oby, or where?
  3. (transitive) To free from an obligation, responsibility or task.
  4. (transitive) To free from accusation or blame.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[edit]

exonerate

  1. (archaic) Freed from an obligation; freed from accusation or blame; acquitted, exonerated.

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

exonerāte

  1. first-person plural present active imperative of exonerō