sáer

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See also: saer, Säer, sær, sær-, and sär-

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *saɸiros, from Proto-Indo-European *sapiros, from Proto-Indo-European *sap- (skill).

Noun[edit]

sáer m (genitive saír, nominative plural saír)

  1. craftsman
Inflection[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sáer sáerL saírL
Vocative saír sáerL sáeruH
Accusative sáerN sáerL sáeruH
Genitive saírL sáer sáerN
Dative sáerL sáeraib sáeraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: saor
  • Manx: seyr
  • Scottish Gaelic: saor

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sáer

  1. (late Old Irish) Alternative form of sóer (free)
Inflection[edit]
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sáer sáer sáer
Vocative saír*
sáer**
Accusative sáer saír
Genitive saír saíre saír
Dative sáer saír sáer
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative saír sáera
Vocative sáeru
sáera
Accusative sáeru
sáera
Genitive sáer
Dative sáeraib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Noun[edit]

sáer m (genitive saír, nominative plural saír)

  1. (late Old Irish) Alternative form of sóer (freeman, noble)
Inflection[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sáer sáerL saírL
Vocative saír sáerL sáeruH
Accusative sáerN sáerL sáeruH
Genitive saírL sáer sáerN
Dative sáerL sáeraib sáeraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sáer ṡáer unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]