immune

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Middle French immun, from Latin immūnis (exempt from public service), from in- (not) + mūnus (service).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈmjuːn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːn

Adjective[edit]

immune (comparative more immune, superlative most immune)

  1. (usually with "from") Exempt; not subject to.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “2/9/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      He had always been remarkably immune from such little ailments, and had only once in his life been ill, of a vicious pneumonia long ago at school. He hadn't the faintest idea what to with a cold in the head, he just took quinine and continued to blow his nose.
    • 2019 September 3, David Karpf, “Bret Stephens Compared Me to a Nazi Propagandist in the New York Times. It Proved My Point.”, in Esquire[2]:
      Bret Stephens believed that, by virtue of his comfortable position at the New York Times, he ought to be immune from insult or criticism.
    As a diplomat, you are immune from prosecution.
  2. (medicine, usually with "to") Protected by inoculation, or due to innate resistance to pathogens.
    I am immune to chicken pox.
  3. (by extension) Not vulnerable.
    Alas, he was immune to my charms.
    • 1959 June, “The opening of the Colchester-Walton-Clacton electrification”, in Trains Illustrated, page 306:
      [...] most of the original electrical signalling equipment has had to be replaced by apparatus immune to 50-cycle currents.
  4. (medicine) Of or pertaining to the immune system.
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
      Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
    We examined the patient's immune response.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

immune (plural immunes)

  1. (epidemiology) A person who is not susceptible to infection by a particular disease
    • 1965, Rene J. Dubos & James G. Hirsch, editors, Bacterial and Mycotic Infections of Man[3], page 742:
      Susceptibles effectively exposed to cases become cases in the next time period; cases recovering from the infection accumulate as immunes.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

immune (third-person singular simple present immunes, present participle immuning, simple past and past participle immuned)

  1. (rare, transitive) To make immune.
    • 1917, Thomas Hardy, In the Seventies
      In the seventies those who met me did not know / Of the vision / That immuned me from the chillings of mis-prision []
    • 1905, American Veterinary Medical Association, Journal (volume 29, page 42)
      The utilization of such milk will, however, necessitate an adaptable milk preservation method, through which the immuning agents will not be destroyed or diminished.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin immūnis (exempt from public service).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immune (masculine and feminine plural immunes)

  1. immune

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immune

  1. inflection of immun:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin immūnis (exempt from public service).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /imˈmu.ne/
  • Rhymes: -une
  • Hyphenation: im‧mù‧ne

Adjective[edit]

immune (plural immuni)

  1. immune, exempt, free, unscathed
    Synonyms: esente, libero

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immūne

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of immūnis

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immune

  1. definite singular and plural of immun

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immune

  1. definite singular and plural of immun