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Borrowed from Gaulish carbantos, from Proto-Celtic *karbantos (chariot, war chariot).





carpentum n (genitive carpentī); second declension

  1. carriage (two-wheeled); chariot
    Synonyms: currus, vehiculum
  2. wagon, cart
  3. barouche



Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative carpentum carpenta
Genitive carpentī carpentōrum
Dative carpentō carpentīs
Accusative carpentum carpenta
Ablative carpentō carpentīs
Vocative carpentum carpenta

Derived terms



  • Italian: carpento
  • Old French: charpent
  • Portuguese: carpento


  • carpentum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • carpentum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carpentum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • carpentum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • carpentum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carpentum”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin